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HP:0001650: Aortic valve stenosisHPO

Developed by Shray Alag
Clinical Trial MeSH HPO Drug Gene SNP Protein Mutation

Correlated Drug Terms (2)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
drug1117 TAVR or SAVR Wiki 1.00
drug208 COVID-19 Convalescent Plasma Wiki 0.50

Correlated MeSH Terms (2)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
D001024 Aortic Valve Stenosis NIH 1.00
D003251 Constriction, Pathologic NIH 1.00

Correlated HPO Terms (0)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation

There is one clinical trial.

Clinical Trials

1 Morbidity and Mortality Due to Deferral of Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis - a Collateral Effect of the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic (AS DEFER)

Background and Project Rationale: Degenerative aortic valve stenosis affects 2% of the elderly population aged 70 years or older and progresses insidiously with advancing age [1] before manifesting with symptoms such as decreased exercise tolerance, shortness of breath, chest pain and syncope on exertion. Without aortic valve replacement, the survival prognosis of patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis is poor. In the PARTNER 1B trial, all-cause mortality among 179 inoperable patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis allocated to conservative management amounted to 51% at one year [2]. Consistently, prospective registry data reported a mortality rate of 55% at 1 year in 78 patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing conservative management [3]. The rapid spread of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic represents an unprecedented challenge for healthcare systems. A limited number of ventilators and ICU beds call for a careful allocation of healthcare resources. On March 20 2020, the Federal Council prohibited elective interventions in all hospitals in Switzerland. Patients with untreated severe aortic stenosis are particularly vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 infection [4] and face the dual risk of cardiac death from aortic stenosis on one side, and death from acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to SARS-CoV-2 infection on the other. While the balance between the two risks is a matter of clinical judgement, the investigators established an algorithm for the management of patients with severe aortic stenosis during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Patients with aortic stenosis deemed critical will undergo valvular replacement in spite of the ongoing pandemic while patients with severe but not critical aortic stenosis will undergo deferred intervention once the number of new SARS-CoV-2 infections flattens. In the current situation, aortic valve replacement in patients with severe, non-critical aortic stenosis will be deferred in order to give priority to SARS-CoV-2 patients. This unique situation allows the investigators to study the effect of deferral of aortic valve replacement in patients with severe aortic stenosis. The study is an amendment to the Swiss-TAVI registry. In contrast to the Swiss-TAVI registry, patients are not enrolled at the time of aortic valve replacement, but already at the time of referral for aortic valve replacement. Primary Objective: The aim of the present observational study is to explore the effect of deferral of valvular replacement in patients with severe but not critical aortic stenosis on morbidity and mortality. The primary objective is to describe rates of morbidity and mortality among patients with severe but not critical aortic stenosis in the interval from referral/indication for valvular replacement to intervention. Project Design: The study is a prospective cohort study of patients with severe aortic stenosis referred for aortic valve replacement. All referrals for aortic valve replacement will be allocated to either "transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)/ surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) (standard of care)" or "deferred intervention" based on prespecified criteria. Patients with critical aortic stenosis as defined by an aortic valve area (AVA) <0.6 cm2 or a transvalvular mean gradient of >60 mmHg or a history of cardiac decompensation during the previous 3 months or clinical symptoms on minimal exertion (NYHA III) will be allocated to TAVR or SAVR. All other patients with severe aortic stenosis defined by an AVA <1.0 cm2 will be scheduled for a deferred intervention.

NCT04333875 Aortic Valve Stenosis Device: TAVR or SAVR
MeSH:Aortic Valve Stenosis Constriction, Pathologic
HPO:Aortic valve stenosis

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Composite of all-cause mortality, disabling and non-disabling stroke, and hospitalization for heart failure

Time: Assessed at 6 months after indication/referral for aortic valve replacement.

HPO Nodes