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Report for D012598: Sclerosis NIH

(Synonyms: Scleros, Sclerosi, Sclerosis, Scoliosi)

Developed by Shray Alag
Clinical Trial MeSH HPO Drug Gene SNP Protein Mutation

Correlated Drug Terms (3)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
drug1001 SPIN-CHAT Program Wiki 0.71
drug966 Rifampin Wiki 0.71
drug108 Azithromycin Wiki 0.13

Correlated MeSH Terms (4)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
D012594 Scleroderma, Localized NIH 0.71
D012595 Scleroderma, Systemic NIH 0.71
D009103 Multiple Sclerosis NIH 0.50
D011014 Pneumonia NIH 0.05

Correlated HPO Terms (2)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
HP:0012344 Morphea HPO 0.71
HP:0002090 Pneumonia HPO 0.05

There are 2 clinical trials

Clinical Trials

1 Antibiotic Treatment Trial Directed Against Chlamydia Pneumonia in Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease which affects the central nervous system (CNS). The etiology of MS is unknown, although the immune system appears to play a role. Many different infectious agents have been proposed as potential causes for MS, including Epstein-Barr virus, human herpesvirus 6, and coronaviruses. Recently Dr. Sriram at Vanderbilt University has found evidence for active Chlamydia pneumonia infection in the CNS of MS patients. These findings have been replicated in part by other laboratories. The purpose of the current study is to test whether antibiotic treatment aimed at eradicating Chlamydia infection will reduce the disease activity in MS. The primary outcome measure will be reduction in new enhancing MS lesions on brain MRI. Forty patients will be entered into the trial. To be eligible, patients must have evidence of chlamydia infection in their spinal fluid and enhancing lesions on their pre-randomization MRI scans. Patients who meet these criteria will be randomized to either placebo or antibiotic therapy, and followed for 6 months on treatment.

NCT00043264 Multiple Sclerosis Drug: Rifampin Drug: Azithromycin
MeSH:Pneumonia Multiple Sclerosis Sclerosis

2 A Partially Nested RCT to Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network COVID-19 Home-isolation Activities Together (SPIN-CHAT) Program to Reduce Anxiety Among At-Risk Scleroderma Patients

Contagious disease outbreaks, such as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, and associated restrictions to prevent spread can lead to negative psychological outcomes, including loneliness, depression, and anxiety, particularly in vulnerable populations at risk due to existing medical conditions. To date, no randomized controlled trials have tested interventions to reduce mental health consequences of contagious disease outbreaks. Systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) is a rare, chronic, autoimmune disease characterized by vasculopathy and excessive collagen production. Systemic Sclerosis can affect multiple organ systems, including the skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and heart. Many people with scleroderma are at risk of serious complications from COVID-19 if infected due to lung involvement (> 40% have interstitial lung disease) and common use of immunosuppressant drugs. The objective of The Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network COVID-19 Home-isolation Activities Together (SPIN-CHAT) Trial is to evaluate a videoconference-based intervention designed to improve symptoms of anxiety and other mental health outcomes among individuals with systemic sclerosis at risk of poor mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. The trial is a pragmatic randomized controlled trial that will be conducted using an existing cohort of systemic sclerosis patients. We will use a partially nested design to reflect dependence between individuals in training groups but not in the waitlist control. The SPIN-CHAT Program includes activity engagement, education on strategies to support mental health, and mutual participant support.

NCT04335279 Scleroderma Scleroderma, Systemic Systemic Sclerosis Other: SPIN-CHAT Program
MeSH:Scleroderma, Systemic Scleroderma, Diffuse Scleroderma, Localized Sclerosis
HPO:Morphea Scleroderma

Primary Outcomes

Description: The PROMIS Anxiety 4a v1.0 is a 4 item scale that asks participants, in the past 7 days, how often: (1) "I felt fearful"; (2) "I found it hard to focus on anything other than my anxiety"; (3) "My worries overwhelmed me"; and (4) "I felt uneasy". Items are scored on a 5-point scale (range 1-5), and response options include "never", "rarely", "sometimes", "often", and "always". Higher scores represent more anxiety. PROMIS Anxiety 4a v1.0 has been validated in SSc.

Measure: Anxiety: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Anxiety 4a v1.0

Time: 4-weeks post-randomization

Secondary Outcomes

Description: PHQ-8 items measure depressive symptoms over the last 2 weeks on a 4-point scale, ranging from 0 (not at all) to 3 (nearly every day) with higher scores (range 0 to 24) indicating more depressive symptoms. The PHQ-8 performs equivalently to the PHQ-9, which has been shown to be a valid measure of depressive symptoms in patients with scleroderma.

Measure: Depression symptoms: Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8)

Time: 4-weeks post-randomization

Description: The 10-item PSS measures the degree that respondents appraise their lives as stressful; items are designed to reflect the degree that they find their life circumstances in the last 4 weeks to be unpredictable, uncontrollable, or overloaded. Items are scored on a 5-point scale from 0 (never) to 4 (very often). Total scores (range 0 to 40) are computed by summing individual items scores, and higher scores reflect greater perceived stress. The PSS has been validated in many medical and non-medical populations.

Measure: Stress: Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)

Time: 4-weeks post-randomization

Description: The 6-item ULS-6 is a short version of the 20-item ULS, which is designed to assess subjective feelings of loneliness and social isolation. Respondents indicate the degree to which feelings described in each item apply to them. Items are scored on a 4-point scale from 0 (never) to 3 (often); total scores range from 0 to 18.

Measure: Loneliness: University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale (ULS-6)

Time: 4-weeks post-randomization

Description: The full MSBS is a 29-item measure of state boredom with items on five factors that load onto a single higher-order factor. The 8-item MSBS is a short version with scores that correlate very closely to scores from the full MSBS (r = 0.96) Item responses are on a 7-point Likert-type scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree) and assess the degree to which each item reflects the respondant's experience currently. Total scores range from 8 to 56 with higher scores reflecting greater boredom.

Measure: Boredom: Multidimensional State Boredom Scale (MSBS-8)

Time: 4-weeks post-randomization

Description: The 4-item IPAQ-E is a short-form version of the full IPAQ designed to assess physical activity over the last week, including time spent sitting, walking, and in moderate and vigorous physical activity. Compared to other short-form versions of the IPAQ, the IPAQ-E has examples of exercise specific to older adults.

Measure: Physical activity: International Physical Activity Questionnaire - modified for the elderly (IPAQ-E)

Time: 4-weeks post-randomization

Description: Frequency of social interactions with others inside and outside of the home will be measured with 4 separate items, including (1) On a typical day in the last week, how many times did you have a social conversation over the phone or a videoconferencing platform with one person? (response = number of times); (2) On a typical day in the last week, how many times did you have a social conversation over a videoconferencing platform with multiple people at the same time? (response = number of times); (3) In the last 7 days, on a typical day, how long did you spend enjoying conversations with other individuals in the home? (response = time); (4) In the last 7 days, on a typical day, how long did you spend enjoying activities with other individuals in the home? (response = time).

Measure: Frequency of social interactions

Time: 4-weeks post-randomization

Description: Adverse Effects will be assessed by ongoing monitoring during the trial and by asking participants post-intervention to describe any adverse experiences or outcomes that may have occurred.

Measure: Adverse Effects

Time: 4-weeks post-randomization

HPO Nodes