|D014777||Virus Diseases NIH||0.11|
|D018352||Coronavirus Infections NIH||0.04|
There is one clinical trial.
The rapidly spreading coronavirus Covid-19 pandemic is a major concern worldwide and Italy is at the forefront of this emergency. At the present moment, the effects on the offspring of Covid-19 disease in pregnant women and/or the indirect effect of COVID-19-related prenatal maternal stress are poorly understood. Epigenetic mechanisms - and especially DNA methylation - are involved in the embedding of prenatal exposures to large-scale disasters into the epigenome and phenotypic outcomes of the offspring. Specific target genes include SLC6A4, NR3C1, OXTR, BDNF, and FKBP5. The central hypothesis of this project is that the exposure to the COVID-19-related prenatal maternal stress may affect infants' outcomes from birth to 12 months partially through increased methylation of target genes involved in stress regulation. The main goal is to investigate the association between Covid-19 disease in pregnancy or COVID-19-related PMS in women pregnant during the first 9 months of the year 2020 and the emotional, social, and cognitive developmental outcomes in their infants from birth to 12 months. Additionally, the role of target genes methylation in mediating this association will be investigated. Mothers and their infants will be enrolled from the delivery units of eleven neonatal facilities located in Northern Italy's COVID-19 contagion hotspot. One group will be enrolled from April to October 2020 (COVID-Exposure Pregnancy, CEP), a second group will be enrolled from April to October 2021 (Non-Exposure Pregnancy, NEP). Moreover, the CEP group will include mothers positive or exposed to COVID-19-related MPS during different trimesters of pregnancy, allowing within-group comparisons on developmentally sensitive time windows. Within 48 hours from baby delivery, saliva samples will be obtained from CEP and NEP newborns, immediately stored at -20°C and analyzed for epigenetic analyses using Next-Generation Sequencing. At 3 and 6 months, mothers will be asked to fill-in validated and reliable questionnaires on the emotional and social-behavioral development of their infants. At 12 months, infants' stress regulation and maternal sensitivity will be evaluated through video recording of mother-infant interactions. This study will provide unprecedented relevant insights on the biochemical mechanisms underlying the impact of Covid-19 disease and the related PMS on human offspring's developmental outcomes.
Description: Measure of infant Negative Emotionality through the Infant Behavior Questionnaire - Revised questionnaire. Negative Emotionality mean score ranges from 1 to 7 and higher scores reflect higher negative emotionality.Measure: Infant negative emotionality Time: At 12 months of infants' age
Description: Methylation status of the following target genes: BDNF, FKBP5, NR3C1, OXTR, SLC6A4Measure: Infants' target gene methylation status Time: At birth
Description: Methylation status of the following target genes: BDNF, FKBP5, NR3C1, OXTR, SLC6A4Measure: Maternal target gene methylation status Time: At delivery
Description: Measure of maternal mental health obtained through the State dimension of the Stait-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The score ranges from 20 to 80, with a clinical cut-off set at 40. Higher scores reflect higher anxiety.Measure: Maternal mental health Time: At 3, 6, and 12 months of infants' age
Description: Maternal sensitivity measured by behavioral codings of mother-infant videorecorded interactionsMeasure: Maternal sensitivity Time: At 12 months of infants' age
Data processed on December 13, 2020.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports