|drug857||Control group Wiki||0.29|
|D011024||Pneumonia, Viral NIH||0.06|
There are 4 clinical trials
Infection with the SARS-Cov-2 virus, responsible of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (SARS), is an emerging infectious disease called Covid-19 and declared as pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020. This pandemic is responsible of significant mortality. In France, several thousand patients are hospitalized in intensive care units, and their number continues to increase. Mortality during Covid-19 is mainly linked to acute respiratory distress syndrome, which frequency is estimated in France to occur in 6% of infected patients. Comorbidities such as cardiovascular conditions, obesity and diabetes increase susceptibility to severe forms of Covid-19 and associated mortality. Therapeutic management has three components: symptomatic management, including supplementary oxygen therapy and in case of respiratory distress mechanical ventilation; the antiviral approach; and immunomodulation, aiming at reducing inflammation associated with viral infection, which is considered to take part in severe presentations of the disease. During Covid-19 viral pneumonia related to SARS-COv-2, there is a significant release of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the acute phase of viral infection, which could participate in viral pneumonia lesions. In children with less mature immune system than adults, SARS-Cov-2 infection is less severe. The current prevailing assumption is that severe forms of Covid-19 may not only be related to high viral replication, but also to an excessive inflammatory response favoring acute lung injury and stimulating infection. The investigators hypothesize that early control of the excessive inflammatory response may help reducing the risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome. The investigators will evaluate the benefit, safety and tolerability of corticosteroid therapy to reduce the rate of subjects hospitalized for Covid-19 viral pneumonia who experience clinical worsening with a need of high-flow supplemental oxygen supplementation or transfer in intensive care units for respiratory support.
Description: SpO2 <90% stabilized at rest and under not more than 5 L / min of supplemental oxygen using medium concentration mask. measured twice at 5-15 min intervalsThe average value of the two measurements will be calculated.Measure: Number of patients with a theoretical respiratory indication for transfer to intensive care unit evaluated by a SpO2 <90% stabilized at rest and under not more than 5 L / min of supplemental oxygen using medium concentration mask. Time: 7 days
Description: level1: not hospitalized no limited activities, level 7: deathMeasure: disease severity assessed on a 7-level ordinal scale Time: 7 days
Description: Reduction of radiological signs on chest imagingMeasure: radiological signs on chest imaging Time: 7 days
Description: duration on daysMeasure: Duration of oxygen therapy Time: 21 days
To date, there is no efficient therapeutics to prevent or treat COVID-19 related pulmonary failure. Corticosteroids (CS) could be a helpful therapeutic. Retrospective reports suggested survival improvement in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). CT scan for COVID19 hospitalized patients showed sometimes unusual aspects of pneumonia, suggestive of an organizing phase of diffuse alveolar damage (DAD). We hypothesize that, in the context of alveolar aggression induced by COVID-19, CT scan could help to individualize patients with a high probability of pulmonary organizing process who could benefit from CS treatment.
Description: The 7-category ordinal scale is as follow: Not hospitalized with resumption of usual activities Not hospitalized, but unable to resume usual activities Hospitalized, not requiring O2 Hospitalized, requiring O2 from 1 to 5 l/min Hospitalized, requiring O2 >6 l/min, nasal high-flow O2, non-invasive mechanical ventilation, or both Hospitalized, requiring ECMO, invasive mechanical ventilation, or both Death.Measure: Clinical improvement defined by the improvement of 2 points on a 7-category ordinal scale, at 14 days. Time: 14 days
Steroids has shown benefits in COVID19 patients in observational studies. We hypothesized that early use of corticosteroids, low dose, in mild disease, can decrease progression to respiratory failure and death.
Background: Based on data from the 2003 SARS-COVID pandemic, other serious lung infections, and patients with respiratory distress, it is estimated that 10-30% of patients with severe SARS-COVID-2 pneumonia may present as a sequel an organized pneumonia. The treatment of this complication is not well defined. The use of oral corticosteroids is mandatory to avoid a possible evolution to pulmonary fibrosis, however, the doses to be administered and the duration of treatment are unknown as there is no study specifically aimed at solving this doubt. Many authors advocate high-dose treatment regimens for a minimum of six months, as proposed for cryptogenic organized pneumonia. However, there is a question whether in non-idiopathic cases of organized pneumonia, less intense treatment could resolve the disease. Hypothesis: The use of a less intensive prednisone regimen may be sufficient for therapeutic control in patients with post-COVID-19 organizing pneumonia, in relation to the established standard regimen Simplicity of the procedures: The objective of the NORCOVID study is to identify the optimal treatment regimen with corticosteroids in post-COVID19 patients diagnosed with NO. Specifically, the primary objective of this multicenter randomized trial is to evaluate whether treatment with a less intensive regimen of corticosteroids produces a non-inferior therapeutic effect than the established control regimen. Secondary objectives are to evaluate the effect of treatment on secondary efficacy variables and on safety. DLCO, respiratory function tests, 6MWT test, need for rescue, radiological tests, complications, mortality and the WHO ordinal scale will be evaluated.
Description: The main variable will be the change in pulmonary diffusion, in terms of predicted DLCO (%), between the baseline value and that obtained at 6 months, comparing the two treatment groups, adjusting for the baseline value using a repeated measures model with random effects (mixed model for repeated measurements.Measure: Change in pulmonary diffusion. Time: Six Months
Data processed on December 13, 2020.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports