There is one clinical trial.
A limited number of relatively contradictory studies have suggested that the development of serious ototoxicity in children treated with cisplatin or, more rarely, carboplatin could be partly related to genetic risk factors affecting detoxification enzymes and membrane transporters of platinum derivatives. The objective of this study is therefore to identify genetic variants associated with the development of platinum ototoxicity in patients treated with cisplatin or carboplatin (minimum follow-up of 3 years) for one of the following diseases: neuroblastoma, hepatoblastoma, retinoblastoma, malignant germ cell tumour, osteosarcoma, high-risk or recurrent Wilms' tumour, non-parameningealrhabdomyosarcoma. A total of 180 patients, corresponding to 60 cases with grade 3 or 4 ototoxicity and 120 controls with no signs of ototoxicity (separate complete audiograms for each ear) will be included. A saliva sample will be used to obtain DNA for pharmacogenetic studies. The value of this study will be to define a population at high risk of developing ototoxicity in order to adapt treatment, or even develop preventive treatment of ototoxicity based on antioxidant medications
Ross et al., studying drug metabolism enzymes, demonstrated a highly significant association between cisplatin ototoxicity in children and genetic variants of TPMT (rs12201199, p = 0.00022, OR = 17.0) and COMT (rs9332377, p = 0.00018, OR = 5.5).