|drug1549||Hydroxychloroquine sulfate Wiki||1.00|
There is one clinical trial.
COVID-19 caused an unprecedented international crisis. There is an urgent need for an effective regimen to cure this illness. Anecdotal data and some prospective results suggested a role of antimalarial drugs (chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine) in the treatment of this disease with best available data showing value of adding azithromycin. Based on drug repurposing studies done by our team and others, we identified the autophagy/apoptosis pathway as a major target for intervention. Based on in-silico and in-vitro models, sirolimus was identified as the drug that deserves urgent prioritization. The rational for combining sirolimus and hydroxychloroquine is explained in details in the study background below and a short video prepared by study PI (https://youtu.be/-zlOMXJp2hg). The evidence for using sirolimus for influenza is emphasized by a RCT that showed reduction of mechanical ventilation time by 50% (7 days on sirolimus arm vs 15 days on oseltamivir/steroids arm). Safe administration in human subjects is illustrated by multiple phase I/II clinical trials, performed in patients with cancer. COVID19-HOPE trial will randomize patients to 2 arms: HCQ/AZ (Arm A) and HCQ/SIR (Arm B). The main inclusion criteria is an RT-PCR test confirming infection with SARS-CoV-2 along with objective clinical criteria of disease (fever, tachypnea and/or hypoxemia). The primary endpoint of study will be Time To Clinical Improvement (TTCI), defined as time from randomization to resolution of the clinical features mentioned above (no fever, no tachypnea and no hypoxemia). In addition, secondary endpoints will include clinical failure by day 28 (need for intubation and/or death), QT interval prolongation, and adverse events. The estimated NNT based on Wilcoxon Mann Whitney comparison of TTCI in study arms is 58 patients (29 each arm). The study includes an adaptive plan, meaning that after different time points the study results will be evaluated and the NNT and randomization scheme (1:1 vs. others) will be evaluated and submitted to the IRB. Also, if one arm proves to be of no value, another regimen might be introduced based on available data. The study will recruit patients for a year and once approved by IRB and JFDA attempts to recruit other centers will be made (including national and regional centers).
Description: Time to clinical improvement (TTCI), defined as time from randomization to clinical improvement, defined as resolution of fever (oral T<38), respiratory rate(<24/min) and normalization of oxygen saturation (persistent pO2 ≥95% on RA). Assessment of clinical improvement should be confirmed on 2 consecutive days in patients who do not develop clinical failure. This outcome will be analyzed separately from clinical failure (i.e. patients with clinical failure will be excluded from TTCI calculation).Measure: Time to Clinical improvement (TTCI) Time: 28 Days
Description: Proportion of patients who develop clinical failure, defined as death or need for mechanical ventilation within 28 days of enrollment or until discharge (whichever later).Measure: Clinical failure defined as death or need for Intubation and mechanical ventilation Time: 28 Days
Description: Safety and tolerability, as assessed by the occurrence of adverse events in any of the study arms.Measure: Adverse effects Time: 28 Days
Description: Any clinically significant increase of QT, defined as increased to over 500, or increase by 60 msec (putting the patient in over 450 msec). Proportion of patients with clinically significant increase will be used as an Outcome.Measure: QT interval prolongation Time: 28 Days
Description: Proportion of patients who do not continue on assigned therapy will be calculated. Causes of failure to continue (drop-out) will be captured as well.Measure: Failure to continue assigned therapy Time: 28 Days
Description: Viral RT-PCR will be performed per institutional guidelines. The time from randomization to first negative test (Which is not followed by a positive test) will be recorded.Measure: Time to viral clearance Time: 28 Days
Data processed on January 01, 2021.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports