There is one clinical trial.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is a pandemic, which has affected approximately 4 lakhs individuals and claimed 16,362 deaths till now. SARS-CoV-2 has been associated with myocarditis and renal dysfunction. Patients hospitalized for Covid-19 severe infection are more prone to excessive coagulation activation leading to thrombotic events both in the venous and arterial circulations, due to excessive inflammation, platelet activation, endothelial dysfunction, and stasis. Nearly 20% of COVID-19 patients present severe coagulation abnormalities, which may occur in almost all of the severe and critical ill COVID-19 cases. Concomitant venous thromboembolism (VTE), a potential cause of unexplained deaths, has been frequently reported in COVID-19 cases, but its management is still challenging due to the complexity between antithrombotic therapy and coagulation disorders. The importance of high D-dimer and Fibrin degradation product level to determine the patient prognostic and the risk of thrombosis is known. In a French study, it was found that a high rate of thromboembolic events in COVID-19 patients treated with therapeutic anticoagulation, with 56% of VTE and 6 pulmonary embolisms. Preliminary reports on COVID-19 patients' clinical and laboratory findings include thrombocytopenia, elevated D-dimer, prolonged prothrombin time, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. COVID-19 patients with acute respiratory failure present a severe hypercoagulability rather than consumptive coagulopathy. Another study highlights this common finding in most COVID-19 patients with high D-dimer levels which are associated with a worse prognosis. Cases showed significantly higher fibrinogen and D-dimer plasma levels versus healthy controls (p < 0.0001). Markedly hypercoagulable thromboelastometry profiles were observed in COVID-19 patients, as reflected by shorter Clot Formation Time (CFT) in INTEM (p = 0.0002) and EXTEM (p = 0.01) and higher Maximum Clot Firmness (MCF). Fibrin formation and polymerization may predispose to thrombosis and correlate with a worse outcome. Global VE tests provide a more physiologic assessment of coagulation and should be considered to guide blood transfusion requirements in liver transplantation and other major surgery. Its application in patients with Covid19 or in a critical care setting requires more data. Viscoelastic tests, which include TEG, ROTEM, and Sonoclot, offer a means of assessing the activity of pro-and anticoagulant pathways, hyperfibrinolysis, and excessive clot lysis. Assessment of clot formation can be performed in 10 to 20 minutes as a point of care (POC) test; however, assessment of clot lysis takes 30 to 60 minutes. SIRS and sepsis trigger the release of endogenous heparinoids, or a heparin-like effect (HLE), due to small endothelium/mast cell-derived glycosaminoglycan's, which can be detected on heparinase-treated viscoelastic assays. Viscoelastic testing of global coagulation such as thromboelastometry and Sonoclot has been proposed as a superior tool to rapidly diagnose and help guide resuscitation with blood products and anticoagulation. it is deemed necessary to determine the influence of Covid 19 on coagulation parameters using point of care coagulation using sonoclot and conventional coagulation tests. In this prospective trial, the investigators aim to evaluate coagulation abnormalities via traditional tests and whole blood Sonclot profiles in a group of 50 consecutive patients with critically ill COVID-19 patients admitted to the Covid ICU OF Nehru Hospital extension, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh.
Description: To correlate conventional coagulation tests with point of care coagulation test using sonoclotMeasure: Correlation of of conventional coagulation tests with point of care coagulation test using sonoclot in COVID-19 patients. Time: 1 month
Description: Coagulation Related Thromboembolic eventsMeasure: Clinical Evidence of thrombosis Time: 1 month
Description: Coagulation-related Bleeding EventMeasure: Coagulation-related Bleeding Event Time: 28 days
Description: Presence of Endogenous Heparinoids as demonstrated on POC test [ Time Frame 0, 3 days]Measure: Presence of Endogenous Heparinoids as demonstrated on POC test [ Time Frame 0, 3 days] Time: [ Time Frame 0, 3 days
Description: Intensive care admission durationMeasure: Intensive care admission duration Time: 28 days
Description: 28 day mortalityMeasure: 28 day mortality Time: 28 days
Data processed on January 01, 2021.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports