|D012141||Respiratory Tract Infections NIH||0.17|
|D014777||Virus Diseases NIH||0.10|
|D003141||Communicable Diseases NIH||0.07|
There is one clinical trial.
Based on Chinese studies, cardiac injury occurs in 20-30% of hospitalized patients and contributes to 40% of deaths. There are many possible mechanisms of cardiac injury in COVID-19 patients and increased myocardial oxygen demand and decreased myocardial oxygen supply are likely contributors to increased risk of myocardial infarction and heart failure. Interventions reducing the risk of cardiac injury are needed. Ketone bodies, such as 3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate, can maintain ATP production in the heart and brain during starvation. It has been suggested that ketone bodies are more efficient substrates of energy metabolism than glucose, with a lower oxygen consumption per ATP-molecule produced. In addition, the reduction in hospitalizations due to heart failure observed in type 2 diabetes patients treated with sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors, is suggested to be partly attributable to increased levels of 3-hydroxybutyrate. Infusion with 3-hydroxybutyrate reaching a plasma level of approximately 3 mM had acute beneficial hemodynamic effects in patients with heart failure and in healthy controls in a study by Nielsen et al. Improved haemodynamics and reduced systemic oxygen consumption might be of great benefit in patients with COVID-19. The primary endpoint is left ventricular ejection fraction. Secondary endpoints are conventional echocardiography parameters, peripheral blood oxygen saturation, venous blood oxygen saturation and urine creatinine clearance. The study population are twelve hospitalized patients with COVID-19 The study design is a randomized placebo-controlled double-blinded crossed-over acute intervention study.
Description: EchocardiographyMeasure: Left Ventricular ejection fraction Time: 1 hour
Description: EchocardiographyMeasure: Global longitudinal strain Time: 1 hour
Description: EchocardiographyMeasure: Cardiac output Time: 1 hour
Description: Pulse oximetryMeasure: Peripheral blood oxygen saturation Time: 5 minutes
Description: blood gas analysisMeasure: Venous blood oxygen saturation Time: 5 minutes
Description: Urine will be collected during the two cross-over sessions and urine creatinine will be measured on these two volumes. Creatinine clearance in ml/min/1.73m2 will then be estimated and compared with plasma creatinine for estimating kidney function.Measure: Urine creatinine clearance Time: 12 hours
Data processed on January 01, 2021.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports