|D011024||Pneumonia, Viral NIH||0.11|
There is one clinical trial.
In the SARS-CoV2 pandemic, imaging studies proved its diagnostic utility to determine the severity of lung involvement. Computed tomography (CT) is a state-of-the-art study proven to be a highly sensitive diagnostic test complemented by RT-PCR testing to determine the disease and the degree of severity. In March 2020, the Dutch Society of Radiology developed a standardized assessment scheme for COVID-19 lung disease, called CO-RADS. This system proposes a level of suspicion of pulmonary involvement of COVID-19, based on the simple chest tomography findings. The level of suspicion ranges from very low (CO-RADS 1) to very high (CO-RADS 5), with two additional categories involving a technically deficient study (CO-RADS 0) and a positive RT-PCR test for SARS -CoV-2 known before tomography (CO-RADS 6). For its part, acute respiratory damage secondary to SARS-COV2 pneumonia causes acute respiratory distress syndrome, which warrants immediate medical attention. During the evaluation and triage of patients with suspected or confirmed SARS-COV2 infection, it is a challenge for health personnel given that the severity and clinical presentation is highly variable. The patient's risk stratification is carried out using previously established and validated risk scales and is a fundamental tool for making clinical decisions. Some of the risk indices and scales have been developed and used in the pandemic epicenters, such as China and Europe. Useful for the clinician is the national early warning scale (NEWS 2), severe disease risk assessment score (COVID-GRAM), the rapid severity index for COVID-19 (qCSI), evaluation score of Modified sequential organ failure (mSOFA), the sepsis-induced coagulopathy score (SIC), the ROX index as a predictor of success to the high-flow nasal cannula. The evaluation of the risk of thrombotic complications such as the Padua risk, of cardiac complications such as QT segment prolongation, through the Tisdale risk score. Risk stratification is essential in the current COVID-19 pandemic situation; upon admission, the clinician will discern if the patient requires in-hospital medical treatment, the risk of severe disease, and progression to assisted mechanical ventilation. This work aims to establish whether the severity of the findings identified by cardiac tomography upon admission and the risk established by the different established prognostic indices.
Description: CO-RADS will categorize the level of suspicion of COVID-19. Very low (CO-RADS 1) to very high (CO-RADS 5), with two additional categories involving a technically deficient study (CO-RADS 0) and a positive RT-PCR test for SARS-CoV- 2 known before tomography (CO-RADS 6).Measure: Assessment of the level of suspicion of SARS-CoV2 infection Time: At hospital admission
Description: It will be a semi-quantitative assessment of lung lobe lesions' extent considering five lobes (upper right lobes, middle lobe, lower right lobe, upper left lobe, and lower left lobe). Each of these lobes, depending on their condition, is scored from 1 to 5, with 1 <5%, 2 from 5 to 25%, 3> 25 to 50%, 4 from> 50 to 75% and the number 5 greater than 75%. With this, it is grouped into mild affection from 1 to 5 points, moderate from 5 to 15 points, and greater than 15 points as severe affectionMeasure: Evaluate the severity degree of pulmonary affection by chest computed tomography Time: At hospital admission
Description: The requirement for orotracheal intubation and the start of assisted mechanical ventilation after admission will be evaluatedMeasure: Percentage of patients requiring endotracheal intubation Time: From admission to discharge, up to 1 week
Description: Patients who present fatal descent during hospitalization will be evaluated.Measure: Death from any cause Time: From admission to discharge, up to 1 week
Description: The evaluation of multiple organ failure secondary to sepsis will be carried out using the mSOFA scale, which can predict in-hospital mortality and 30 days, with a minimum score of 0-7 that translates mortality of 0% and a score greater than 11 translates mortality of 58%.Measure: Modified Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (mSOFA) Time: At hospital admission
Description: The sepsis-induced coagulopathy score scale (SIC) refers to the diagnosis of coagulopathy when the score is greater than 4 or the INR is greater than or equal to 3.Measure: Sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) Time: At hospital admission
Description: A score of 0-4 confers a low risk; on the contrary, a score of more than 7 gives a high risk.Measure: National Early Warning Scale (NEWS 2) Time: At hospital admission
Description: It establishes three risk groups: the mild one with a risk of critical illness of less than 1.7% and the high risk of more than 40.4%.Measure: COVID-GRAM severe illness risk score Time: At hospital admission
Description: A score less than or equal to 3 gives a low risk with a critical illness risk of 4%, while a score of 10-12 gives a high risk and a critical illness probability of 57%.Measure: Rapid Severity Index for COVID-19 (qCSI) Time: At hospital admission
Description: A ratio of 6-8 translates mild physiological stress, while a ratio of more than 18 a severe physiological stress level.Measure: Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) Time: At hospital admission
Description: The gradient Aa O2 = [(FiO2) × (Atmospheric pressure - Pressure of H2O) - (PaCO2 / 0.8)] - PaO2 of ABG is calculated and a normal gradient with age is estimated with the following formula: Estimate of normal gradient = (Age / 4) + 4. The gradient is increased in conditions such as ARDS, PE, and cardiac failure.Measure: Alveolar-arterial gradient of oxygen Time: At hospital admission
Description: Required criteria (must have all three of the following): Timing within 1 week of clinical insult or new/worsening respiratory symptoms, Chest XR shows bilateral opacities not fully explained by effusions, lobar/lung collapse, or nodules Respiratory failure not fully explained by cardiac failure/fluid overload Risk factor (one of the following): Risk factor for ARDS present (e.g. pneumonia, trauma, sepsis, pancreatitis). Objective assessment (Echo) excludes hydrostatic edema. Severity (based on oxygenation, select one of the following): Mild: PaO₂/FiO₂ >200 to ≤300 mmHg with PEEP OR CPAP ≥5 cm H₂O, Moderate: PaO₂/FiO₂ >100 to ≤200 mmHg with PEEP ≥5 cm H₂O and Severe: PaO₂/FiO₂ ≤100 mmHg with PEEP ≥5 cm H₂OMeasure: Berlin Criteria for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Time: At hospital admission
Data processed on January 01, 2021.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports