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There is one clinical trial.
Rationale: SARS-CoV2 viral infection is spreading rapidly throughout the world and in India the epidemic poses a major threat to the public health system. Elderly individuals, especially those with diabetes, hypertension, other chronic diseases are at high risk of mortality. Strategies to protect these individuals are desperately needed to safeguard continuous patient care. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a vaccine against tuberculosis, with protective non-specific effects against other respiratory tract infections in in-vitro and in-vivo studies, and reported significant reductions in morbidity and mortality. Based on the capacity of BCG to reduce the incidence of respiratory tract infections in children and adults, to exert antiviral effects in experimental models; and to reduce viremia in an experimental human model of viral infection, the hypothesis is that BCG vaccination will partially protect against mortality in high-risk, elderly individuals. Primary Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of BCG vaccination in preventing morbidity and mortality due to COVID-19 in elderly individuals aged between 60 to 80 years living in COVID-19 hotspots in India. Secondary objectives: 1. To evaluate the effectiveness of BCG vaccination in terms of 1. reducing the cumulative incidence of hospital admission and Intensive Care admission 2. reducing the incidence of other respiratory febrile illness 2. To determine the innate and adaptive immune responses, IgM, IgG and IgA antibody titers generated by BCG vaccination (both total and SARS-Cov2 specific) in a subset of individuals. 3. To measure biomarkers induced by BCG vaccination as correlates of risk/protection against SARS-Cov2 in a subset of individuals Method and Analysis: Study design: Intervention study Study population: Elderly 60 - 80 years of age residing in designated hotspots for SARS-Cov2 infection Study Intervention: One dose of 0.1ml BCG vaccine, given intradermally. Elderly individuals not vaccinated from the same hotspot area or from neighbouring hotspot wards areas will be considered as the controls. Study sites: Chennai, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Jodhpur and New Delhi. Study Sample size: 1450 individuals between 60-80 years of age will receive BCG vaccination while 725 individuals will be controls without vaccination Study duration: 6 months/participant. Enrolment at each site will be over: 4 months. Each participant will be followed for 6 months post vaccination. Primary Outcome Measures: During the study period (6-months), Proportion of individuals receiving the BCG vaccination who are asymptomatic but become PCR-positive or seroconvert during the 6-month of study period. Proportion of patients with development of COVID-19 disease (either PCR-positive or seroconvert with symptoms) during the study period. Proportion of patients with Severe COVID-19 disease and death due to Covid-19 disease
Description: Number of deaths due to COVID-19 diseaseMeasure: Mortality due to COVID-19 disease Time: 6 months from study start date
Description: Number of hospital admissions and ICU admissions due to Covid-19 and other respiratory disease, Number of COVID-19 cases reported based on severity level (mild, moderate or severe) and immunological outcomes in the sub study (baseline and at 1, 3 and 6 months post vaccination).Measure: Hospital admission and ICU admission due to Covid-19, Severity of Covid-19 (mild, moderate or severe), Hospital admission due to other respiratory febrile illness, immunological outcomes in the sub study Time: 10 months from study start date
Data processed on January 01, 2021.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports