|drug1449||High Flow Nasal Oxygen (HFNO) treatment Wiki||1.00|
There is one clinical trial.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the preliminary safety and performance of a low-cost locally-made Venturi-based Non-invasive Positive Pressure Ventilator (NIPPV) device for hypoxemic COVID-19 patients. The device administers Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy using the jet-mixing or Venturi effect to increase the volume flow rate of oxygenated air from a pressurized cylinder by entraining the atmospheric air. To provide CPAP therapy, this high flow of oxygenated air is delivered to the patient via a low-cost non-vented mask with a tight seal with a High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter connected to the exhalation limb. The tight seal and HEPA filter ensures a minimal risk of aerosol generation and thus the device can be used without a negative pressure room. The system consists of the developed Venturi-based flow-generator, a standard 22mm breathing tube, a standard Y-connector, a non-vented CPAP mask (e.g., snorkel mask, helmet), a HEPA filter, and a Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) valve. The bench-top testing of the device is done in the laboratories of BUET and was verified that the device performs within the CPAP guidelines provided by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), UK. This study aims to assess the safety of and efficacy of the device in three different steps: (1) design validation, (2) clinical feasibility and (3) pilot clinical trial for safety and efficacy evaluation. Only if the device successfully passes the parts 1 and 2, the investigators will proceed to the final clinical trial in step 3. In this final step, the investigators aim to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating for non-inferiority of the CPAP intervention compared to standard HFNO treatment. The number of ventilator-free days will be used as the primary outcome for efficacy, while patient recovery, death, or need of intubation and other adverse events will be used as secondary outcomes.
Description: The total number of days the patient was able to avoid being placed under a mechanical ventilator.Measure: Number of ventilator-free days Time: 10 days
Description: The event that the patient has recovered and released from the hospital within 30 days.Measure: Recovery of the patient Time: 30 days
Description: The event that the patient dies or requires to be placed under a mechanical ventilator.Measure: Death or need of intubation Time: 10 days
Description: Oxygen toxicity or other adverse event rating according to the CTCAE scale (1-5)Measure: Oxygen toxicity or other adverse events Time: 10 days
Data processed on January 01, 2021.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports