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D011251: Pregnancy Complications, Infectious

Developed by Shray Alag, The Harker School
Sections: Correlations, Clinical Trials, and HPO

Correlations computed by analyzing all clinical trials.

Navigate: Clinical Trials and HPO

Correlated Drug Terms (6)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
drug4095 standardized Lung Ultrasound (LUS) examination Wiki 0.58
drug3394 Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) Wiki 0.58
drug783 Clinical assessment Wiki 0.33
Name (Synonyms) Correlation
drug3199 Standard of care Wiki 0.11
drug341 Azithromycin Wiki 0.09
drug2490 Placebo Wiki 0.03

Correlated MeSH Terms (11)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
D000071074 Neonatal Sepsis NIH 0.58
D011645 Puerperal Infection NIH 0.58
D066087 Perinatal Death NIH 0.58
Name (Synonyms) Correlation
D063130 Maternal Death NIH 0.58
D003643 Death, NIH 0.29
D014115 Toxemia NIH 0.26
D018805 Sepsis NIH 0.20
D011248 Pregnancy Complications NIH 0.19
D011024 Pneumonia, Viral NIH 0.06
D011014 Pneumonia NIH 0.03
D007239 Infection NIH 0.03

Correlated HPO Terms (4)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
HP:0003811 Neonatal death HPO 0.58
HP:0040187 Neonatal sepsis HPO 0.58
HP:0100806 Sepsis HPO 0.20
Name (Synonyms) Correlation
HP:0002090 Pneumonia HPO 0.03

Clinical Trials

Navigate: Correlations   HPO

There are 3 clinical trials

1 Prevention of Maternal and Neonatal Death/Infections With a Single Oral Dose of Azithromycin in Women in Labor (in Low- and Middle-income Countries): a Randomized Controlled Trial

Maternal and neonatal infections are among the most frequent causes of maternal and neonatal deaths, and current antibiotic strategies have not been effective in preventing many of these deaths. Recently, a randomized clinical trial conducted in a single site in The Gambia showed that treatment with oral dose of 2 g azithromycin vs. placebo for all women in labor reduced selected maternal and neonatal infections. However, it is unknown if this therapy reduces maternal and neonatal sepsis and mortality. The A-PLUS trial includes two primary hypotheses, a maternal hypothesis and a neonatal hypothesis. First, a single, prophylactic intrapartum oral dose of 2 g azithromycin given to women in labor will reduce maternal death or sepsis. Second, a single, prophylactic intrapartum oral dose of 2 g azithromycin given to women in labor will reduce intrapartum/neonatal death or sepsis.

  1. Maternal Death
  2. Maternal Infections Affecting Fetus or Newborn
  3. Neonatal SEPSIS
  4. Maternal Sepsis During Labor
  5. Neonatal Death
  6. Postpartum Sepsis
  1. Drug: Azithromycin
  2. Drug: Placebo
MeSH:Infection Sepsis Toxemia Neonatal Sepsis Pregnancy Complications, Infectious Puerperal Infection Perinatal Death Maternal Death Death
HPO:Neonatal death Neonatal sepsis Sepsis

Primary Outcomes

Description: Incidence of maternal death or sepsis within 6 weeks (42 days) post-delivery in intervention vs. placebo group.

Measure: Maternal: Incidence of maternal death or sepsis within 6 weeks (42 days) post-delivery in intervention vs. placebo group.

Time: within 6 weeks (42 days)

Description: Incidence of intrapartum/neonatal death or sepsis within 4 weeks (28 days) post-delivery in intervention vs. placebo group

Measure: Neonatal: Incidence of intrapartum/neonatal death or sepsis within 4 weeks (28 days) post-delivery in intervention vs. placebo group

Time: 4 weeks (28 days) post-delivery

Secondary Outcomes

Description: Fever (>100.4°F/38°C) in addition to one or more of the following: fetal tachycardia ≥160 bpm, maternal tachycardia >100 bpm, tender uterus between contractions, or purulent/foul smelling discharge from uterus prior to delivery.

Measure: Incidence of chorioamnionitis

Time: prior to delivery

Description: Fever (>100.4°F/38°C) in addition to one or more of maternal tachycardia >100 bpm, tender uterine fundus, or purulent/foul smelling discharge from uterus after delivery.

Measure: Incidence of endometritis

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Wound infection (Purulent infection of a perineal or Cesarean wound with or without fever. In the absence of purulence, requires presence of fever >100.4°F/38°C and at least one of the following signs of local infection: pain or tenderness, swelling, heat, or redness around the incision/laceration); Abdominopelvic abscess (Evidence of pus in the abdomen or pelvis noted during open surgery, interventional aspiration or imaging); Pneumonia (Fever >100.4°F/38°C and clinical symptoms suggestive of lung infection including cough and/or tachypnea >24 breaths/min or radiological confirmation); Pyelonephritis (Fever >100.4°F/38°C and one or more of the following: urinalysis/dip suggestive of infection, costovertebral angle tenderness, or confirmatory urine culture); Mastitis/breast abscess or infection (Fever >100.4°F/38°C and one or more of the following: breast pain, swelling, warmth, redness, or purulent drainage).

Measure: Incidence of other infections

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Use of subsequent maternal antibiotic therapy after randomization to 42 days postpartum for any reason.

Measure: Incidence of use of subsequent maternal antibiotic therapy

Time: after randomization to 42 days post-delivery

Description: Time from drug administration until initial discharge after delivery (time may vary by site).

Measure: Maternal initial hospital length of stay

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Maternal readmissions within 42 days of delivery

Measure: Incidence of maternal readmissions

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Maternal admission to special care units

Measure: Incidence of maternal admission to special care units

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Maternal unscheduled visit for care

Measure: Incidence of maternal unscheduled visit for care

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Maternal GI symptoms including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea and other reported side effects.

Measure: Incidence of maternal GI symptoms

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Maternal death due to sepsis using the Global Network algorithm for cause of death

Measure: Incidence of maternal death due to sepsis

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Incidence of other neonatal infections.

Measure: Incidence of other neonatal infections (e.g. eye infection, skin infection)

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Neonatal initial hospital length of stay, defined as time of delivery until initial discharge (time may vary by site).

Measure: Neonatal initial hospital length of stay

Time: within 28 days of delivery

Description: Neonatal readmissions within 42 days of delivery

Measure: Incidence of neonatal readmissions

Time: within 42 days of delivery

Description: Neonatal admission to special care units

Measure: Incidence of neonatal admission to special care units

Time: within 28 days of delivery

Description: Neonatal unscheduled visit for care

Measure: Incidence of neonatal unscheduled visit for care

Time: within 42 days post-delivery

Description: Neonatal death due to sepsis using the Global Network algorithm for causes of death

Measure: Incidence of neonatal death due to sepsis

Time: within 28 days of delivery

Description: Pyloric stenosis within 42 days of delivery, defined as clinical suspicion based on severe vomiting leading to death, surgical intervention (pyloromyotomy) as verified from medical records, or radiological confirmation.

Measure: Incidence of pyloric stenosis within 42 days of delivery

Time: within 42 days of delivery
2 A Prospective International Lung UltraSound Analysis (ILUSA) Study in Tertiary Maternity Wards During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic

Currently there is a great need for an accurately and rapid assessment of patients suspected for Covid-19. Like CT, Lung Ultrasound (LUS) examination can potentially help with the initial triage of patients but also help track the evolution of the disease. LUS can be used in every setting, including settings with limited infrastructure, allowing the reduction of disparities in trials participation. LUS is also a practical approach that can be used by obstetricians/gynecologists, who are the primary care givers in the labour and delivery room. The International Lung UltraSound Analysis (ILUSA) Study is an international multicenter prospective explorative observational study to assess the predictive value of LUS in Covid-19 suspected and diagnosed pregnant patients.

  1. COVID
  2. Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
  3. Pregnancy Related
  4. Pregnancy, High Risk
  5. Pregnancy Disease
  6. Pneumonia
  7. Pneumonia, Viral
  8. Diagnoses Disease
  1. Diagnostic Test: standardized Lung Ultrasound (LUS) examination
MeSH:Pregnancy Complications, Infectious Pneumonia, Viral Pneumonia Pregnancy Complications

Primary Outcomes

Description: The primary endpoint is diagnostic performance in terms of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC, also known as the c-statistic) and sensitivity and specificity with regard to the prediction of poor outcome. Outcome at one week from admission: good outcome includes discharge or inpatient breathing in free air; poor outcome includes patient with oxygen support, patients with CPAP/ high oxygen flow cannula, or patient with endotracheal intubation during the week.

Measure: Diagnostic performance of LUS to predict poor outcome

Time: outcome one week after enrollment into the study
3 Comparison of Hematological Parameters and Perinatal Outcomes in COVID-19 Pregnancies and Healthy Pregnancy Cohort

Complete blood count parameters are routinely evaluated cost-effective markers in diagnosis and clinical follow-up of infectious diseases.There is increasing number of studies to report the course of COVID-19 in pregnancy. The current study aimed to elucidate the changes in hematologic parameters in response to SARS-CoV-2 infection and whether there was an increase in adverse perinatal outcomes such as increased neonatal intensive care unit admission and lower APGAR scores in pregnancies with COVID-19.

  1. Pregnancy, Infections in
  2. Covid19
  1. Other: Clinical assessment
MeSH:Pregnancy Complications, Infectious

Primary Outcomes

Description: cell count per mm3.

Measure: complete blood count parameters (including the number of lymphocytes, Leukocytes, monocytes, platelets and red blood cells).

Time: first 1 hour of hospitalization.

Secondary Outcomes

Description: 1st and 5th minute newborn assessment

Measure: APGAR score

Time: 5 minutes

Description: centimeters

Measure: maternal and newborn length

Time: 5 minutes

Description: kilograms

Measure: maternal and newborn weight

Time: 2 minutes

Description: Celsius degree

Measure: body temperature

Time: 2 minutes

HPO Nodes


Alphabetical listing of all HPO terms. Navigate: Correlations   Clinical Trials

HPO Nodes


Data processed on January 01, 2021.

An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.

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