There is one clinical trial.
The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) is an emerging respiratory virus that causes pneumonia. WHO data reported admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) for 6% of patients, with a mortality rate reaching 45%. To date, apart from therapeutic trials, ICU management is symptomatic, based on organ failure support therapies. In the initial phase, the therapeutic management also includes empiric antimicrobial therapy (90% of patients, in accordance with LRTI guidelines (ATS 2019) and SRLF Guidelines (2020). One challenge for the ICU physicians is the timing for discontinuation of antimicrobial treatment, especially in case of shock or ARDS, considering that a substantial proportion of COVID-19 pneumonia patients may have pulmonary bacterial coinfection/superinfection. In order to avoid unnecessary prolonged antimicrobial therapy, and subsequent selective pressure, two tests could be combined in a personalized antibiotic strategy: - Procalcitonin (PCT): PCT is a useful tool to guide antibiotics discontinuation in community-acquired pneumonia) and viral pneumonia (PMID24612487). - Respiratory multiplex PCR FA-PPP (Biomérieux®): panel has been enlarged, including 8 viruses and 18 bacteria (quantitative analysis). The turnaround time is short. Sensitivity is high (99%, PMID32179139). It may contribute, in combination with conventional tests, to accelerate and improve the microbiological diagnosis during severe COVID-19 pneumonia. The hypothesize of the study is that the combination of the mPCR FA-PPP and PCT could be used to reduce antibiotics exposure in patients with severe confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia, with a higher clinical efficacy and safety as compared with a conventional strategy.
Description: the number of days alive without any antibiotics at Day 28. The D28 time point is usual in studies assessing antibiotics saving in ICU patients.Measure: Number of antibiotic free days Time: Day 28
Description: Total exposure to antibioticsMeasure: Antibiotics duration at D28 Time: Day 28
Description: using a quality of life questionnaire (EQ5D5L)Measure: Quality of life Quality of life Time: Day 90