|D011024||Pneumonia, Viral NIH||0.14|
There is one clinical trial.
Rationale: The clinical manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children are poorly characterized. Preliminary findings indicate that they may be atypical. There is a need to identify the spectrum of clinical presentations, predictors of severe disease (COVID-19) outcomes, and successful treatment strategies in this population. Goals: Primary - Describe and compare characteristics of confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infected children with symptomatic test-negative children. Secondary - 1) Describe and compare confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infected children with mild versus severe COVID-19 outcomes; 2) Describe healthcare resource utilization for, and outcomes of, screening and care of pediatric COVID-19 internationally, alongside regional public health policy changes. Methods: This prospective observational study will occur in 50 emergency departments across 11 countries. We will enroll 12,500 children who meet institutional screening guidelines and undergo SARS-CoV-2 testing. Data collection focuses on epidemiological risk factors, demographics, signs, symptoms, interventions, laboratory testing, imaging, and outcomes. Collection will occur at enrollment, 14 days, and 90 days. Timeline: Recruitment will last for 12 months (worst-case model) and will begin within 7-14 days of funding notification after ongoing expedited review of ethics and data sharing agreements. Impact: Results will be shared in real-time with key policymakers, enabling rapid evidence-based adaptations to pediatric case screening and management.
Description: Clinical characteristics among children presenting to a participating hospital's EDs who meet each site's local SARS-CoV-2 screening criteria, will be described and compared between children with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 (i.e. test-positive) versus suspected (i.e. test-negative) infections.Measure: Clinical characteristics of children with SARS-CoV-2 Time: 18 months
Description: Factors associated with severe outcomes [i.e. positive pressure ventilation (invasive or noninvasive) OR intensive care unit admission with ventilatory or inotropic support OR death; other outcomes may be added as the understanding of the epidemic evolves) will be identified in confirmed paediatric COVID-19 cases.Measure: Factors associated with severe COVID-19 outcomes Time: 18 months
Description: Health care resource utilization for patient management (e.g. frequencies of isolation, laboratory testing, imaging, and supportive care, with associated costs) of both suspected and confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infected children according to changes in national and regional policies.Measure: Health care resource utilization for COVID-19 patient management Time: 18 months
Description: The sensitivity and specificity of various case screening policies for the detection of confirmed symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection (i.e. COVID-19) in children (e.g. addition of vomiting/diarrhoea).Measure: Sensitivity and specificity of COVID-19 case screening policies Time: 18 months