|drug215||Alteplase 100 MG [Activase] Wiki||1.00|
|D012127||Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn NIH||0.09|
|D055371||Acute Lung Injury NIH||0.09|
There is one clinical trial.
The global pandemic COVID-19 has overwhelmed the medical capacity to accommodate a large surge of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In the United States, the number of cases of COVID-19 ARDS is projected to exceed the number of available ventilators. Reports from China and Italy indicate that 22-64% of critically ill COVID-19 patients with ARDS will die. ARDS currently has no evidence-based treatments other than low tidal ventilation to limit mechanical stress on the lung and prone positioning. A new therapeutic approach capable of rapidly treating and attenuating ARDS secondary to COVID-19 is urgently needed. The dominant pathologic feature of viral-induced ARDS is fibrin accumulation in the microvasculature and airspaces. Substantial preclinical work suggests antifibrinolytic therapy attenuates infection provoked ARDS. In 2001, a phase I trial 7 demonstrated the urokinase and streptokinase were effective in patients with terminal ARDS, markedly improving oxygen delivery and reducing an expected mortality in that specific patient cohort from 100% to 70%. A more contemporary approach to thrombolytic therapy is tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) due to its higher efficacy of clot lysis with comparable bleeding risk 8. We therefore propose a phase IIa clinical trial with two intravenous (IV) tPA treatment arms and a control arm to test the efficacy and safety of IV tPA in improving respiratory function and oxygenation, and consequently, successful extubation, duration of mechanical ventilation and survival.
Description: Ideally, the PaO2/FiO2 will be measured with the patient in the same prone/supine position as in baseline, as change in positions may artificially reduce the improvement attributable to the study drug. However, given the pragmatic nature of the trial, the prone/supine position will be determined by the attending physician, in which case, we will use as an outcome the PaO2/FiO2 closest to the 48 hours obtained prior to the change in position as the outcome.Measure: PaO2/FiO2 improvement from pre-to-post intervention Time: at 48 hours post randomization
Description: Achievement of PaO2/FiO2 ≥ 200 or 50% increase in PaO2/FiO2 (whatever is lower)Measure: Achievement of PaO2/FiO2 ≥ 200 or 50% increase in PaO2/FiO2 Time: at 48 hours post randomization
Description: This score is based on seven clinical features (respiration rate, hypercapnic respiratory failure, any supplemental oxygen, temperature, systolic blood pressure, heart rate and level of consciousness) and determines the degree of illness of a patient and prompts critical care intervention.Measure: National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2) Time: at 48 hours post randomization
Description: The ordinal scale is an assessment of the clinical status as follows: 1) Death; 2) Hospitalized, on invasive mechanical ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO); 3) Hospitalized, on non-invasive ventilation or high flow oxygen devices; 4) Hospitalized, requiring supplemental oxygen; 5) Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - requiring ongoing medical care (COVID-19 related or otherwise); 6) Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - no longer requires ongoing medical care; 7) Not hospitalized, limitation on activities and/or requiring home oxygen; 8) Not hospitalized, no limitations on activities. (combined items 7 and 8 as our study is limited to hospital).Measure: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ordinal scale Time: at 48 hours post randomization
Description: 48 hour mortality for hospitalized patientsMeasure: 48 hour in-hospital mortality Time: at 48 hours post randomization
Description: 14 days mortality for hospitalized patientsMeasure: 14 days in-hospital mortality Time: 14 days post randomization
Description: 28 days mortality for hospitalized patientsMeasure: 28 days in-hospital mortality Time: 28 days post randomization
Description: ICU-free days will be calculated based on (28 - number of days spent in the ICU) formulaMeasure: ICU-free days Time: 28 days of hospital stay or until hospital discharge (whichever comes first)
Description: In-hospital coagulation-related events include bleeding, stroke, myocardial infarction and venous thromboembolism (VTE). In-hospital coagulation-related event-free (arterial and venous) days will be calculated based on (28 - number of days without coagulation-related event) formula.Measure: In-hospital coagulation-related event-free (arterial and venous) days Time: 28 days of hospital stay or until hospital discharge (whichever comes first)
Description: Ventilator-free days will be calculated based on (28 - number of days on mechanical ventilation) formula.Measure: Ventilator-free days Time: 28 days of hospital stay or until hospital discharge (whichever comes first)
Description: Calculated for patients who was on a mechanical ventilation any period of time during hospitalization. The extubation will be considered successful if no re-intubation occurred for more than 3 days have passed after the initial extubation.Measure: Successful extubation Time: Day 4 after initial extubation
Description: Calculated for patients who was on paralytics at the time of randomization. The weaning will be considered successful if no paralytics were used for more than 3 days have passed after termination of paralytics.Measure: Successful weaning from paralysis Time: Day 4 after initial termination of paralytics
Description: Is counted for the patients who was alive at the time of discharge.Measure: Survival to discharge Time: 28 days of hospital stay or until hospital discharge (whichever comes first)
Data processed on September 26, 2020.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports