|drug3234||Standard of care (SOC) plus placebo Wiki||0.50|
|drug655||COVID-19 convalescent plasma (CCP) plus standard of care (SOC) Wiki||0.50|
|drug1510||Human biological samples Wiki||0.50|
|D018352||Coronavirus Infections NIH||0.07|
|D045169||Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome NIH||0.04|
|D003141||Communicable Diseases NIH||0.04|
There are 4 clinical trials
In December 2019, new coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) erupted in Wuhan (Hubei, China) and quickly spread from a single city to the entire country in just 30 days and then attracted worldwide attention. COVID-19 causes a large number of deaths due to its occurrence in many cases. This virus caused a total of 549,461 approved cases and 24,887 deaths worldwide. All the countries of the world take some precautions to prevent the spread of this epidemic disease, which WHO declared it as "pandemic". Staying home and social isolation are at the top of these precautions. For this purpose, in Turkey on March 21, 2020, '65 and older individuals began to apply the curfew to individuals with chronic illnesses. However, not leaving the house and social isolation brings with it the limitation of physical activity. Physical activity (PA) is defined by WHO as any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that increases energy consumption. Recommended PA levels for the elderly (≥65 years) are similar to adults (18 to 64 years old). At the global level, approximately 45% of people over the age of 60 do not meet the recommended level of PA. Studies investigating the relationship between social isolation and health behavior report consistent findings. Individuals with smaller social networks report less healthy diets, excessive alcohol consumption, and less physical activity. The effects of social isolation are related to physical inactivity, smoking and the possibility of having both health risk behaviors together. The decrease in physical performance is associated with the risk of falling, sarcopenia, fragility, decreased quality of life, emotionalization, comorbidity, early death, and increased health care costs. Practical and innovative interventions are needed to reduce the decline in muscle mass, strength and physical performance in the aging population. When today's conditions are evaluated, technology-supported education programs are effective in increasing the motivation for physical activity. The purpose of this study; to evaluate the physical activity level of individuals over the age of 65 who experience social isolation due to the precautions taken in our country to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, and to investigate the effectiveness of home-based telerehabilitation exercises. It is aimed to use an innovative model based on the digitally supported, home-based exercise program.
Description: One of the evaluation parameters created to evaluate the physical activity level of elderly individuals, the factors affecting the activity level, the relationship between physical activity and health profile is the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly. The minimum score that can be obtained from the scale is 0 and the maximum score is 400. The higher score on the scale indicates a better level of physical activity.Measure: Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly Time: 2 weeks
Description: Nottingham Health Profile was created in England in 1985 to evaluate the quality of life-related to health. The Nottingham Health Profile is a general quality of life questionnaire that assesses the level of individuals health problems and how they affect their daily life activities.Measure: Nottingham Health Profile Time: 2 weeks
Description: It was created by Gierveld and Kamphuis in 1985 to evaluate the sense of loneliness in older individuals and was revised in 1999 by Tilburg and Gierveld. It consists of 11 items in total and two subtitles.Measure: Loneliness Scale for the Elderly Time: 2 weeks.
In December 2019, new coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) erupted in Wuhan (Hubei, China) and quickly spread from a single city to the entire country. It did not take long for this epidemic to spread to the world. After that, World Health Organization declared this epidemic disease as a pandemic. As of now, the number of coronavirus deaths increased to 108,281 worldwide. Total number of cases approached 1,800,000 according to the latest information. While the number of healed patients was highest in China, 77,525 people with COVID-19 recovered. COVID-19 is a highly contagious respiratory infectious disease that can cause respiratory, physical and psychological dysfunction in patients. Respiratory rehabilitation reduces the patient's symptoms of dyspnea, relieves anxiety and depression, reduces the patient's need to apply to the hospital, increases functional capacity and improves the patient's quality of life. Respiratory rehabilitation, according to the feedback from China, is very important for patients in the clinical treatment and recovery process after treatment. Rehabilitation of people with mild disease after discharge is mainly based on improving physical fitness and psychological adaptation. It is also aimed to gradually restore the individual's ability to the activity before the disease and return to the community as soon as possible. Individuals with COVID-19 who have respiratory and / or limb dysfunction and chronic disease after discharge should receive respiratory rehabilitation therapy. According to the current findings of the patients discharged from severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and the clinical experience of patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) patients who recovered after discharge, COVID-19 patients may have physical fitness, dyspnea after activity, and muscle atrophy. (Including respiratory muscles and trunk muscles) It is recommended to use respiratory videos and booklets as the main method for respiratory rehabilitation in isolated patients at home. Telerehabilitation method is also a different recommendation option for rehabilitation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of exercises performed by telerehabilitation in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 followed at home. It is aimed to use an innovative model based on the digitally supported, home-based exercise program.
Description: Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) is a horizontal line, 100 mm in length, and anchored by word descriptors at each end. The VAS dyspnea score uses "no shortness of breath at all" and "maximum shortness of breath" . The patient marks on the line the point that they feel represents the perception of their current state. The distance (mm) between the beginning of the horizontal line and this mark represents the degree of dyspnea perceptionMeasure: Visual Analogue Scale Time: 2 weeks
Description: This scale used was a modified Borg scale of perceived exertion adapted to be appropriate for measuring fatigue. This consisted of a vertical scale labelled 0-10, with corresponding verbal expressions of progressively increasing perceived sensation intensity. (0 = no fatigue , 10 = maximal fatigue)Measure: Modified Borg Scale Time: 2 weeks
Description: Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) is an English-born self-reporting quality of life measure of chronic cough. It consists of 19 items with a 7 point likert response scale (range from 1 to 7). Each item is developed to assess symptoms during cough and impact of cough on three main domains: physical, psychological and social. Scores are calculated as a mean of each domain and the total score is calculated by adding every domain score. It generally takes about 5 minutes to be completed and it is designed for adultsMeasure: Leicester Cough Questionnaire Time: 2 weeks
Description: The Timed Up and Go test (TUG) is a simple test used to assess a person's mobility and requires both static and dynamic balance. It uses the time that a person takes to rise from a chair, walk three meters, turn around, walk back to the chair, and sit down. During the test, the person is expected to wear their regular footwear and use any mobility aids that they would normally requireMeasure: Timed Up and Go Time: 2 weeks
Description: The 30-s Chair Stand Test consists of standing up and sitting down from a chair as many times as possible within 30 seconds. A standard chair without backrest, but with armrests is used. Initially, the person is seated on the chair with his backs upright. They are told to look forward with their arms folded in their chest and rise at their preferred speed after the command "1, 2, 3, go". All trials must be carried out using the same chair and similar environmental conditions.Measure: 30 Second Chair Stand Test Time: 2 weeks
Description: The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a 21-item, self-rated scale that evaluates key symptoms of depression. Individual scale items are scored on a 4-point continuum (0=least, 3=most), with a total summed score range of 0-63. Higher scores indicate greater depressive severity. Two subscales include a cognitive-affective subscale and a somatic-performance subscaleMeasure: The Beck Depression Inventory Time: 2 weeks
Description: The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) is a 21-question multiple-choice self-report inventory that is used for measuring the severity of anxiety in children and adults.The questions used in this measure ask about common symptoms of anxiety . It is designed for individuals who are of 17 years of age or older and takes 5 to 10 minutes to complete. Several studies have found the Beck Anxiety Inventory to be an accurate measure of anxiety symptoms in children and adultsMeasure: The Beck Anxiety Inventory Time: 2 weeks
An epidemic of pneumonia , which is thought to have developed due to a new coronavirus, was detected in Wuhan, Hubei Province of the People's Republic of China, and this epidemic could not be brought under control, leading to other provinces of China in a short time and then to a pandemic. It has spread all over the world including the European continent. Causative Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the disease caused by the new virus (novel) coronavirus-2019 (2019-nCoV) and subsequently the COVID-19. After the virus was officially detected in our country on 11 March 2020, the number of cases increased rapidly and the virus was isolated in 670 patients within 10 days. The group that is most affected by the outbreak and has the highest mortality rate is the elderly with known cardiovascular diseases. It is important to ensure the social isolation of elderly patients and to minimize all hospital applications as much as possible if they do not have life-threatening urgent problems. To this end, Turkey on 21 March 2020, 65 years of age and older people and patients with chronic curfew was implemented. Individuals moving away from social life are dealing with their body more, their level of depression and anxiety increase, and their physical functions decrease. The therapy service is offered to people who cannot travel with telerehabilitation, which is defined as the transmission of rehabilitation service to long distances by using electronic information and communication technology. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of telerehabilitation exercises given to elderly individuals on sleep quality, quality of life and balance within the scope of geriatric rehabilitation.
Description: Screening test in which cognitive functions are evaluated globally. With standardized mini mental test, the patient is evaluated under 5 main topics. The patient receives a maximum of 30 minimum 0 points at the end of the test. The critical score here is 27 or 24. It is decided that patients scoring below 24 have cognitive impairment. In some cases, the limit is considered to be 27 points.Measure: Standardized Mini Mental Test Time: 2 weeks
Description: The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) has recently been designed and validated to provide a single, rapid assessment of nutritional status in elderly patients in outpatient clinics, hospitals, and nursing homes. sum of the MNA score distinguishes between elderly patients with: 1) adequate nutritional status, MNA ≥ 24; 2) protein-calorie malnutrition, MNA < 17; 3) at risk of malnutrition, MNA between 17 and 23.5.Measure: Mini Nutritional Assesment Time: 2 weeks
Description: The short physical performance battery (SPPB) is a group of measures that combines the results of the gait speed, chair stand and balance tests. It has been used as a predictive tool for possible disability and can aid in the monitoring of function in older people. The scores range from 0 (worst performance) to 12 (best performance). The SPPB has been shown to have predictive validity showing a gradient of risk for mortality, nursing home admission, and disability.Measure: Short Physical Performance Test Time: 2 weeks
Description: The one-leg standing (OLS) test is one of the balance tests used to diagnose musculoskeletal ambulation disability symptom complex (MARS), a condition newly defined by three professional Japanese medical societies in 2006 to help identify the symptoms of motor organ deterioration and establish preventive strategies. Although many studies have used the OLS test, none has shown conclusively that the test can be used as a practical marker of frailty among elderly people, especially in community settings.Measure: Single Leg Stance Test Time: 2 weeks
Description: Scaling that can be applied with the informer or by obtaining information from the medical records in order to quantify the comorbidities and to examine their effects on prognosis in clinical studies. 19 disease states are evaluated.Measure: Charlson Comorbidity Index Time: 2 weeks
Description: A multi-dimensional loss of reserve that leads to fragility, fragility (energy, physical ability, cognition,health) syndrome and weakness 3 or more symptoms (unintentional weight loss, feeling tired, weak grip, slow walking rate and low physical activity), the person can be described as we It consists of 9 questions.If there are 3 or more symptoms (unintentional weight loss, fatigue, poor grip, slow walking speed, and low physical activity), the person can be described as weak.Measure: Clinic Fragility Scale Time: 2 weeks
Description: It is a scale evaluating sleep quality with a total of 19 questions under 7 main topics. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) is a 19-item self-report scale that evaluates sleep quality and disorder in the past month The total score of the 7 components gives the scale total score. The total score ranges from 0-21. A total score greater than 5 indicates "poor sleep quality".Measure: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Time: 2 weeks
Description: Social participation levels were evaluated with the Social Isolation Survey. Minimum 0 and maximum 24 points are obtained from the scale. 0 points indicate complete social isolation while 24 points indicate high social relationship. A value of 0-10 indicates complete social isolation, 12-15 isolation, 16-18 partial isolation, 19-21 social, 21-24 high social relationship Quality of life scale in the elderlyMeasure: Social Isolation Survey Time: 2 weeks
Description: The Quality of life scale in the elderly (CASP-19) was developed in 2003 to measure.The scale consists of 19 items and "Control", "Autonomy", "Pleasure" and "Self-realization." Each item of the original scale is "never" (0 score) to "always" (3 points) It is rated as a 4-point Likert type. The increase in the total score indicates that the quality of life increases.Measure: Quality of life scale in the elderly Time: 2 weeks
Description: Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) is a brief (5 minutes) and easily scored survey designed specifically to assess physical activity in epidemiological studies of persons age 65 years and older. The overall PASE score ranges from 0 to 400 or more and high scores show better physical activity levels.Measure: The Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly Time: 2 weeks
Description: The Timed Up and Go test (TUG) is a simple test used to assess a person's mobility and requires both static and dynamic balance. It uses the time that a person takes to rise from a chair, walk three meters, turn around, walk back to the chair, and sit down. During the test, the person is expected to wear their regular footwear and use any mobility aids that they would normally requireMeasure: Timed Up and Go Test Time: 2 weeks
Description: The 30-s Chair Stand Test (CST) consists of standing up and sitting down from a chair as many times as possible within 30 seconds. A standard chair without backrest, but with armrests is used. Initially, the person is seated on the chair with his backs upright. They are told to look forward with their arms folded in their chest and rise at their preferred speed after the command "1, 2, 3, go". All trials must be carried out using the same chair and similar environmental conditions.Measure: 30 Second Chair Stand Test Time: 2 weeks
Description: The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a 21-item, self-rated scale that evaluates key symptoms of depression. Individual scale items are scored on a 4-point continuum (0=least, 3=most), with a total summed score range of 0-63. Higher scores indicate greater depressive severity. Two subscales include a cognitive-affective subscale and a somatic-performance subscale.Measure: The Beck Depression Inventory Time: 2 weeks
Description: The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) is a 21-question multiple-choice self-report inventory that is used for measuring the severity of anxiety in children and adults.The questions used in this measure ask about common symptoms of anxiety . It is designed for individuals who are of 17 years of age or older and takes 5 to 10 minutes to complete. Several studies have found the Beck Anxiety Inventory to be an accurate measure of anxiety symptoms in children and adults.Measure: The Beck Anxiety Inventory Time: 2 weeks
This is a two-phase multicenter study that will be conducted in collaboration with five university hospitals, in order to offer telehealth services at home in patients with COVID-19, after hospital discharge. At the first phase an observational study aims to investigate the physical and psychological status of patients after hospital discharge and to provide support and information how to cope with symptoms (early fatigue, muscle weakness, eating difficulties, etc). At the second phase a randomized control trial study will evaluate a 6-month telerehabilitation program for 100 adults (aged 20-65 years) diagnosed with COVID-19, who completed the first phase of this study. At this phase, the study will randomize (1:1 allocation) 100 male and female who were hospitalized with COVID-19 to either a 24-week home-based telerehabilitation program versus usual care. The intervention program includes individualized prescribed endurance exercises, low intensity aerobic exercises, upper and lower extremity strength training, breathing exercises as well as a three times per month online support with 1:1 supervision via video conferencing with an expert physiotherapist.
Description: The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is comprised of 3 tasks: a standing balance test (side by side, semi-tandem and tandem), a 4-m habitual gait speed, and 5 sit to stand from a chair. Each task is scored (based on time) from 0-4 points. The total score is 12 points and this represents the highest performance. It can be easily performed at home via video conferencingMeasure: Physical Performance Time: Change From Baseline in SPPB Scores at 3 and 6 months
Description: The 3 minute step test (3MST) is a field test designed to measure aerobic (cardiovascular) fitness. Participants step up and down a 30-cm high step for 3 minutes at a pace of 24 steps per minute. Oxygen saturation, heart rate and fatigue (using the Borg 0-10 scale) will be assessed at the beginning, at the end and every minute after full recovery in order to evaluate the heart's, fatigue and saturation recovery rates. Because it is a submaximal test it can easily be completed at home and administrated via video conferencing.Measure: Cardiorespiratory fitness Time: Change From Baseline in 3MST Scores at 3 and 6 months
Description: The 30 sec sit-to-stand test (STST) is a feasible alternative for measuring lower limb muscle strength and endurance. The outcome is the number of times that the participant is able to completely stand up from the chair within 30 seconds.Measure: Lower limb Strength Time: Change From Baseline in STST Scores at 3 and 6 months
Description: The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) consists of 36 questions spanning 8 health (physical and mental) domains. The eight domains are: vitality, physical functioning, bodily pain, general health, physical role functioning, emotional role functioning, social role and mental health. Each scale is directly transformed into a 0-100 scale on the assumption that each question carries equal weight. Converging the individual scores into z-score, a standardized score (mean 50) is provided for each domain allowing comparisons between populations. The lower the score the more disability. It is a valid patient-reported survey of health-related quality of life in patient populations and it is responsive to change following therapeutic interventions.Measure: Health Related Quality of Life Time: Change From Baseline in SF-36 Scores at 3 and 6 months
Description: Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) is a 14-item questionnaire for screening anxiety (7 items) and depression (7 items). Each item is scored from 0-3 (a 4-point severity scale). Highest anxiety or depression score is 21. Patients are defined as having anxiety or depression or both if the score is 8 or more in the each subscaleMeasure: Anxiety and Depression Time: Change From Baseline in HADS Scores at 3 and 6 months
Description: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is a frequently used instrument for the evaluation of physical activity (PA). It was developed in order to assess physical activity in adults aged 18-65 years. The greek version of IPAQ, (IPAQ-Gr) sums up moderate, vigorous, walking physical activities over the previous seven-day period and generate a total physical activity score (PAscore), expressed in MET-minutes per week (MET.min.wk-1 ). Based on the IPAQ scoring procedure, physical activity status is classified into three categories (PAclasses): (1) low PAclass, insufficiently active subjects (total PAscore < 600 MET.min.wk-1); (2) moderate PAclass (total PAscore ≥ 600 MET.min.wk-1 or vigorous PAscore ≥ 480 MET.min.wk-1) and (3) high PAclass (total PAscore ≥ 3000 MET.min.wk-1 or vigorous PAscore ≥ 1500 MET.min.wk-1).Measure: Physical Activity Time: Change From Baseline in IPAQ Scores at 3 and 6 months
Description: The Borg CR-10 (CR= scale range) scale is a rating scale for self-reported dyspnea. 0 represents no symptoms and 10 the worst previously experienced symptoms.Measure: Fatigue Time: Change From Baseline in Borg CR-10 Scores at 3 and 6 months
Description: The modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale (MMRC). A score from 0-4 is used to classify the impact of dyspnea on physical function in patients with respiratory limitations. 0 represents a person who suffers from dyspnea only with strenuous exercise. 4 represents a person who are to breathless to leave the house, or breathless when dressing/undressing.Measure: Dyspnea Time: Change From Baseline in MMRC Scores at 3 and 6 months
Data processed on September 26, 2020.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports