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D009771: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Developed by Shray Alag, The Harker School
Sections: Correlations, Clinical Trials, and HPO

Correlations computed by analyzing all clinical trials.

Navigate: Clinical Trials and HPO

Correlated Drug Terms (7)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
drug993 Community Referral as appropriate Wiki 0.71
drug1812 Hydroxychloroquine as post exposure prophylaxis Wiki 0.71
drug2733 Others(No intervention) Wiki 0.71
Name (Synonyms) Correlation
drug1461 Exposure Therapy Wiki 0.71
drug953 Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Wiki 0.41
drug454 BCG Vaccine Wiki 0.35
drug2916 Placebo Wiki 0.03

Correlated MeSH Terms (9)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
D003193 Compulsive Personality Disorder NIH 1.00
D003192 Compulsive Behavior NIH 0.71
D001010 Anxiety, Separation NIH 0.50
Name (Synonyms) Correlation
D000072861 Phobia, Social NIH 0.50
D009155 Mutism NIH 0.50
D000379 Agoraphobia NIH 0.50
D016584 Panic Disorder NIH 0.35
D004194 Disease NIH 0.11
D001008 Anxiety Disorders NIH 0.10

Correlated HPO Terms (3)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
HP:0000722 Obsessive-compulsive behavior HPO 0.82
HP:0002300 Mutism HPO 0.50
HP:0000756 Agoraphobia HPO 0.50

Clinical Trials

Navigate: Correlations   HPO

There are 2 clinical trials

1 Comparison of Patient-Centered Versus Provider-Centered Delivery of Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (CBT) for Pediatric Anxiety and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

There is strong evidence that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with exposure is the preferred treatment for youth with anxiety disorders, but outpatient services that provide this type of treatment are limited. Even for those who do have access to anxiety-specific treatment, a traditional outpatient model of treatment delivery may not be suitable. Among the numerous logistical barriers to treatment access and response is the inability to generalize treatment tools to settings outside of the office. Patient-centered (home-based or telehealth) treatment models that target symptoms in the context in which they occur could be more effective, efficient, and accessible for families. The present study aims to compare the efficacy, efficiency, and feasibility of patient centered home-based CBT and patient centered telehealth CBT with a traditional office-based model of care. The question proposed, including proposed outcomes, have been generated and developed by a group of hospital, payer, patient and family stakeholders who will also contribute to the iterative process of protocol revision. The investigators anticipate 379 anxious youth to be randomized to receive outpatient treatment using telehealth, home-based services, or treatment as usual using a traditional outpatient model. Results of this study are expected to provide evidence for the efficacy and efficiency of patient-centered treatment, as well as increase treatment access and family engagement in the treatment process.

  1. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  2. Anxiety Disorders
  3. Pediatric Disorder
  4. Anxiety
  5. OCD
  6. Phobia
  7. Agoraphobia
  8. Generalized Anxiety
  9. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  10. Selective Mutism
  11. Separation Anxiety
  12. Social Anxiety
  13. Social Anxiety Disorder
  14. Panic Disorder
  1. Behavioral: Exposure Therapy
MeSH:Mutism Disease Anxiety Disorders Compulsive Personality Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Panic Disorder Phobia, Social Agoraphobia Anxiety, Separation
HPO:Agoraphobia Mutism Obsessive-compulsive behavior

Primary Outcomes

Description: The CY-BOCS is a measure of obsessive compulsive symptoms and severity. The Obsession Rating Scale measures 5 domains of obsessional severity on a scale from 0 (no impairment) to 4 (extreme impairment.) The Compulsion Rating Scale measures 5 domains of compulsion severity on a scale from 0 (no impairment) to 5 (extreme impairment.) The total range of OCD severity is reported on a scale from 0-40, with a higher score indicating greater severity.

Measure: Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The PARS is a measure of anxiety symptoms and severity. The Anxiety Severity Items are 7 questions meant to assess the frequency of anxiety symptoms and associated impairment. Items are measured on a scale from 0 (none) to 5 (extreme).The total range of anxiety severity is reported on a scale from 0-35, with a higher score indicating greater severity.

Measure: Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Secondary Outcomes

Description: The CSQ-8 measures consumer satisfaction with mental health services; satisfaction is measured using 8 items on a scale from 1 (Poor) to 4 (Excellent). Total satisfaction ranges from 8-32, with a high score indicating greater satisfaction.

Measure: Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The CGI is a clinician-rated measures of global severity and improvement. The Severity of illness scale reports the severity of current symptoms on a scale from 1 (not at all ill) to 7 (among the most extremely ill patients.) The Global Improvement Scale tracks improvement since treatment initiation on a scale from 1 (very much improved) to 7 (very much worse). The highest possible score on either scale is 7, indicating extreme severity or worse treatment outcome.

Measure: Clinical Global Impression Scales

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The CSDS measures the extent to which anxiety symptoms interfere with functioning. The Disability Scale measures the degree to which anxiety impacts school, social, and home life on a scale from 0 (Not at all) to 10 (very, very much.) Total anxiety-related impairment ranges from 0-30, with higher scores indicating greater impairment.

Measure: Child Sheehan Disability Scale

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The measure tracks both the quality and quantity of homework completed between treatment sessions. This form has been used previously by our research group in large-scale treatment trials, and has been helpful in determining barriers to homework completion.

Measure: Homework Compliance Form

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: The Exposure Guide is a exposure therapy fidelity/quality tool completed by study therapists. This tool collects information regarding the use of specific therapeutic tools during exposures.

Measure: Exposure Guide

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: The TASCP is a 12-item measure of therapeutic alliance between a caregiver and his/her child's therapist. This measure assesses the bond and collaboration between caregiver and therapist. Each item is rated using a scale from 0: "not true" to 4: "very much true."

Measure: Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Caregivers and Parents (TASCP)

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: 75 The TASC-r is a 12-item measure of therapeutic alliance between a child and his/her therapist. This measure assesses the degree of affective bond between child and therapist, as well as amount of therapeutic task collaboration. Each item is rated using a scale from 0: "not true" to 4: "very much true."

Measure: Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Children-Revised (TASC-r)

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: The PQ-LES-Q is a 13-item measure of child functioning in life that uses a 5-point ratings scale, with higher scores indicating better quality of life. This measure has both parent and child versions, assessing the same items from both child and parent perspectives. The measure assesses quality of the child's life in a variety of domains.

Measure: Pediatric Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (PQ-LES-Q)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The TPA is designed to independently solicit from youth and parent the top 3 problems they feel are most important to address in treatment. This is an idiographic measure of impairment that is driven by the individual needs and desires of the consumer. Respondents rate how much each problem bothers them from 0 ("not at all") to 10 (very, very much).

Measure: Top Problems Assessment (TPA)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The CSQ assesses parent perceptions of the extent to which caring for a child with emotional problems affects several domains, including family life and relationships, demands on time, financial strain, disruption of social life, worry, guilt, and fatigue. This is a 21-item self-report measure that calls for parents to rate the extent of strain for each item using a 0 ("not at all") to 4 ("very much") scale.

Measure: Caregiver Strain Questionnaire (CSQ)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The BTQ-P is a 28-item measure adapted from the BTQ to assess parent perceptions of barriers to accessing treatment for their child's anxiety. The measure is completed at the outset of treatment and assesses such domains as logistic and financial barriers, stigma, and aspects of treatment. Items are rated on a 0 ("not at all true") to 2 ("mostly true") scale.

Measure: Barriers to Treatment Questionnaire - Parent Version (BTQ-P)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The PAS-PR is a 5-item questionnaire assessing the frequency and interference associated with accommodating the child's anxiety. Each item is followed by a series of common examples to illustrate the principle of accommodation for parents. Responses for frequency include 0 (never), 1 (rarely), 2 (occasionally), 3 (often), and 4 (always). Response options for interference due to accommodation include 0 (none), 1 (mild), 2 (moderate), 3 (severe), and 4 (extreme).

Measure: Pediatric Accommodation Scale-Parent Report (PAS-PR)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: We will record reactions from caregivers and child to treatment assignment using this clinician-rated measure. It includes capturing both verbatim responses from caregivers and child, as well as asking for interviewer impressions reactions from caregivers and child to treatment group assignment following randomization. The clinician also records the likelihood that the family will remain in the study and adhere to study protocols.

Measure: Randomization Debrief

Time: Administered at baseline

Description: This measure is a 3-item self-report questionnaire that captures parental beliefs about the efficacy about each treatment condition (office-based or home/community-based) using a scale from 1:"I expect my child will be very much improved," to 7: "I expect my child will be very much worse." The parent is also asked to select which treatment option would be best for their family. There is also a patient version of this measure used to capture patient beliefs about the efficacy about each treatment condition (office-based or home/community-based) using the same scale. The patient is asked to select which treatment option they believe would be best for them and their family. The patient version of this measure will be completed by youth 12+.

Measure: Treatment Expectancy

Time: Administered at baseline

Description: The SRS-2 is a 65-item self-report measure administered to caregivers or teachers to assess their perception of the presence of a child's social impairment. This measure is used to evaluate children aged 4-18 years old. Items are rated on a scale from 1 ("not true") to 4 ("almost always true").

Measure: The Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition (SRS-2)

Time: Administered at baseline and at discharge (up to 6-months)

Description: The ARI-P is a 7-item parent report questionnaire assessing child's irritability. The items are each given a rating of: "not true," "somewhat true" or "certainly true".

Measure: Affective Reactivity Index - Parent Version (ARI-P)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The ARI-S is a 7-item self-report report questionnaire assessing irritability. The items are each given a rating of: "not true," "somewhat true" or "certainly true".

Measure: Affective Reactivity Index - Self Report (ARI-S)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The Distress Intolerance Index is a 10-item self-report report questionnaire assessing the inability to tolerate negative somatic and emotional states. Items are rated on a 5-point scale from "very little" (0) to "very much".

Measure: Distress Intolerance Index

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The PAS is a 12-item questionnaire assessing the frequency of and beliefs about parental accommodation. The frequency of parental accommodation is measured on a scale from "Never/Almost Never" (0), to "Always/Almost Always" (3). The beliefs about parental accommodation are measured on a scale from "Strongly Disagree" (0), to "Strongly Agree" (3).

Measure: Parent Accommodation Scale (PAS)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The feedback form is a 3-item self-report questionnaire that asks caregivers or child which treatment group their family was in and for open-ended feedback about their experience in the study (i.e. what did they really like, what would they change, general suggestions/ comments). All responses on this survey are received anonymously. Caregivers and children complete separate feedback forms. Children 8+ will complete the child version of this measure.

Measure: Feedback Forms - Caregiver and Child Versions

Time: Administered only at discharge, up to 6-months into study

Description: This form captures whether the patient ended treatment before or at 6 months, as well as the reasons for discontinuation (e.g., scheduling, transportation, financial, treatment fit, symptoms) that apply. This form also gathers information about whether referrals were provided to the family upon study discharge.

Measure: End of Treatment Form

Time: Administered only at discharge, up to 6-months into study

Description: This 7-item measure asks for participants' caregivers to discuss to whom they would like the findings of the study to be disseminated (i.e., local policy makers, educators, etc.). Additionally, it asks for information on how they would like findings to be shared (i.e., via social media, presentations, etc.) as well as caregivers to share highlights of their experience in the study.

Measure: Sharing Study Findings

Time: Administered only at discharge, up to 6-months into study

Description: We will record the rate of session reschedules, cancellations and no-shows, along with the overall number of sessions attended. We will also document the reason why a scheduled appointment does not occur using the Treatment Cancellation Form.

Measure: Treatment Attendance

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: This is a case record form that documents any change in patient status (e.g., drop-out and premature termination) and the reasons for such changes.

Measure: Reasons for Treatment Discontinuation form

Time: Administered only at discharge, up to 6-months into study
2 Task Control Circuit Targets for Obsessive Compulsive Behaviors in Children

This study will use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the function and structure of overlapping task control circuits in children with a range of Obsessive-Compulsive symptoms (OCS). The functioning of task control circuits will be assessed using the well-validated Multisource interference task (MSIT). This study will also assess functional and anatomical connectivity within task control circuits in the same children, and determine whether disturbances in these overlapping circuits are associated with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) symptom severity. Behavioral measures will be administered to further assess regulatory, learning and memory functions. Children with OCD will then be offered a standard course of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) before rescanning (along with age-and gender-matched control participants) in order to assess how these circuits may change with treatment. Children with subclinical OC symptoms will be offered referral for treatment on an as-needed basis. In addition, de-identified data may be used in the future to conduct secondary data analyses. As more about OC symptoms and neurobiological mechanisms of interest in the current study are understood, data may be used to answer questions beyond those described in this protocol. All study procedures will be conducted on-site at Columbia University/the New York State Psychiatric Institute (New York, NY) and the University of Michigan's outpatient Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (Ann Arbor, Michigan).

  1. Obsessive-compulsive Disorders and Symptoms in Children
  1. Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  2. Other: Community Referral as appropriate
MeSH:Compulsive Personality Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Compulsive Behavior
HPO:Obsessive-compulsive behavior

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Blood oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) functional MRI signal during a cognitive conflict task

Time: approximately 15-20 minutes

Description: Child Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CYBOCS) is scored on a scale of 0 to 40, with 40 being the most severe.

Measure: Child Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale

Time: approximately 1 hour

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Blood oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) functional connectivity MRI of task control circuits

Time: approximately 10 minutes

Measure: Diffusion tensor imaging (fractional anisotropy, FA) in task control circuit regions

Time: approximately 10 minutes

HPO Nodes


Data processed on September 26, 2020.

An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.

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4,180 reports on interventions/drugs


691 reports on MeSH terms


263 reports on HPO terms

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Alphabetical index of all Terms

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