There is one clinical trial.
There are four species of intestinal worms collectively known as soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH): Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus (hookworms), Ascaris lumbricoides (roundworms), and Trichuris trichiura (whipworms). These parasites affect over two billion people and contribute to significant morbidity and disability, especially in high risk groups, for example children, agricultural workers and pregnant women. In children, STH are associated with impaired nutritional status evidenced by stunting, thinness and underweight. As is the case in most Latin America, STH are a public health problem in Honduras. The World Health Organization (WHO) informs that more than 2.5 million children (under 15 years of age) in the country are at risk of infection. To control these infections Honduras has established a national deworming program that operates since 2001 but despite these efforts, the prevalence of STH infections remains unacceptably high. This is especially true in rural communities where prevalence can be as high as 70% of the children population. Ivermectin (IVM) in combination with albendazole (ALB) has demonstrated the capacity to improve efficacy compared to any of these drugs in monotherapy; the efficacy is however, still inadequate in terms of cure rate, although egg reduction rates are significant. The purpose of the current trial is to assess the safety and efficacy of 3 experimental regimens for the treatment of infections by Trichuris trichiura in children in comparison with the current standard of practice in Mass Drug Administration (MDA) campaigns. The experimental regimens will explore the effect of multiple day regimens and high dose ivermectin. Treatment arms: - Group 1: single dose of ALB 400 mg. (active control arm). N:39 - Group 2: single dose ALB 400mg + IVM 600µg/Kg. N: 57 - Group 3: daily dose ALB 400mg for 3 consecutive days. N:24 - Group 4: daily dose ALB 400mg + IVM 600µg for 3 consecutive days. N:57 Total Study Population: 177
Description: Number of individuals cured from Trichuris trichiura infection using the duplicate Kato Katz laboratory method on a single sample of fresh stools as the measurement tool. Cure rate is defined as the absence of Trichuris trichiura eggs in post-treatment samples.Measure: Cure Rate Time: 21 days
Description: Calculation details: 100 x (1 - arithmetic mean fecal egg count post-intervention / arithmetic mean fecal egg count pre-intervention) Egg change rate was calculated across all participants, as described in reference: Levecke B et al., PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014;8(10).Measure: Egg Change Rate Time: 21 days
Description: Measurement of the incidence of mutations of tubulin in Trichuris trichiura eggs collected pre and post treatment using molecular biology techniques. This data is not available yet due to the COVID-19 pandemic, but the data will be available and reported in the future. Anticipated reporting date for this outcome measure is estimated by 2021 and will be confirmed once the pandemic is over.Measure: Beta Tubulin Resistance Time: 21days
Data processed on September 26, 2020.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports