Report Sections

See All Reports

Coronavirus Infections (722) Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (493) Infection (402) Pneumonia (331) Communicable Diseases (176) Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult (161) Acute Lung Injury (126) Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn (126) (114) Syndrome (106) Virus Diseases (85) Pneumonia, Viral (73) Critical Illness (63) Depression (62) Anxiety Disorders (44) Disease (39) Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic (34) Emergencies (31) Respiratory Tract Infections (31) Inflammation (30) Neoplasms (30) Cardiovascular Diseases (29) Stress Disorders, Traumatic (29) Wounds and Injuries (29) Lung Injury (27) Stress, Psychological (27) Mental Disorders (26) Diabetes Mellitus (25) Hypoxia (25) Depressive Disorder (24) Thrombosis (23) Hypertension (22) Respiratory Tract Diseases (22) Acute Kidney Injury (21) Lung Diseases (21) Disease Progression (18) Olfaction Disorders (18) Embolism (16) Influenza, Human (16) Stroke (16) Arthritis (15) Pulmonary Embolism (15) Respiration Disorders (15) Blood Coagulation Disorders (14) HIV Infections (14) Hemostatic Disorders (14) Thromboembolism (14) Burnout, Psychological (13) Chronic Disease (13) Fibrosis (13) Lung Diseases, Obstructive (13) Multiple Sclerosis (13) Sclerosis (13) Cognitive Dysfunction (12) Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 (12) Lung Diseases, Interstitial (12) Myocardial Infarction (12) Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive (12) Pulmonary Fibrosis (12) Respiratory Aspiration (12) Arthritis, Rheumatoid (11) Autism Spectrum Disorder (11) Brain Injuries (11) Chronic Pain (11) Heart Diseases (11) Kidney Diseases (11) Substance-Related Disorders (11) Venous Thrombosis (11) Crohn Disease (10) Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 (10) Heart Failure (10) Infarction (10) Lung Neoplasms (10) Autistic Disorder (9) Dyspnea (9) Myocarditis (9) Obesity (9) Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated (9) Pregnancy Complications (9) Brain Injuries, Traumatic (8) Carcinoma (8) Colitis (8) Colitis, Ulcerative (8) Depression, Postpartum (8) Liver Diseases (8) Renal Insufficiency, Chronic (8) Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections (8) Rheumatic Diseases (8) Ulcer (8) Vitamin D Deficiency (8) Coronary Artery Disease (7) Coronary Disease (7) Dementia (7) Feeding and Eating Disorders (7) Hematologic Neoplasms (7) Infertility (7) Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (7) Kidney Failure, Chronic (7) Parkinson Disease (7) Problem Behavior (7) Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency (7) Venous Thromboembolism (7) Burnout, Professional (6) Collagen Diseases (6) Frailty (6) Immune System Diseases (6) Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes (6) Ischemia (6) Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic (6) Lymphoma (6) Musculoskeletal Pain (6) Overweight (6) Parasomnias (6) Pediatric Obesity (6) Psychotic Disorders (6) RNA Virus Infections (6) Sepsis (6) Shock (6) Spinal Cord Injuries (6) Acute Coronary Syndrome (5) Alcohol Drinking (5) Alcoholism (5) Autoimmune Diseases (5) Breast Neoplasms (5) Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung (5) Child Development Disorders, Pervasive (5) Convalescence (5) Coronaviridae Infections (5) Cystic Fibrosis (5) Delirium (5) Depressive Disorder, Major (5) Disease Susceptibility (5) Dyssomnias (5) Gastroparesis (5) Hypersensitivity (5) Leukemia (5) Lymphopenia (5) Multiple Organ Failure (5) Myocardial Ischemia (5) Neurologic Manifestations (5) Osteoarthritis (5) Prostatic Neoplasms (5) Renal Insufficiency (5) Alzheimer Disease (4) Asthma (4) Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (4) Behavior, Addictive (4) Body Weight (4) Brain Diseases (4) Coinfection (4) Colonic Neoplasms (4) Death (4) Deglutition Disorders (4) Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (4) Embolism and Thrombosis (4) Fibromyalgia (4) Head and Neck Neoplasms (4) Heart Arrest (4) Hemorrhage (4) Hypertension, Pulmonary (4) Liver Cirrhosis (4) Metabolic Syndrome (4) Migraine Disorders (4) Mycobacterium Infections (4) Neoplasm Metastasis (4) (4) Pancreatic Neoplasms (4) Postoperative Complications (4) Prediabetic State (4) Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory (4) Sjogren's Syndrome (4) Sleep Apnea Syndromes (4) Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders (4) Thrombophilia (4) Vascular Diseases (4) Weight Loss (4) Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (3) Adenoviridae Infections (3) Appendicitis (3) Arrhythmias, Cardiac (3) Arthritis, Psoriatic (3) Asymptomatic Diseases (3) Bronchiectasis (3) Carcinoma, Renal Cell (3) Cardiomyopathies (3) Chilblains (3) Common Cold (3) Cross Infection (3) Dermatitis (3) Developmental Disabilities (3) Digestive System Diseases (3) Dysgeusia (3) Endometriosis (3) Fatigue (3) Fever (3) Gastrointestinal Diseases (3) Giant Cell Arteritis (3) Glucose Intolerance (3) Glucose Metabolism Disorders (3) Hemophilia A (3) Leukemia, Lymphoid (3) Macular Edema (3) Malnutrition (3) Measles (3) Melanoma (3) Metabolic Diseases (3) Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome (3) (3) Nervous System Diseases (3) Neuroendocrine Tumors (3) Occupational Stress (3) Osteoarthritis, Knee (3) Ovarian Neoplasms (3) Panic Disorder (3) Paramyxoviridae Infections (3) Peripheral Arterial Disease (3) Polymyalgia Rheumatica (3) Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma (3) Pregnancy Complications, Infectious (3) Premature Birth (3) Psychological Trauma (3) Pulmonary Edema (3) Rheumatic Fever (3) ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (3) Schizophrenia (3) Seizures (3) Sleep Apnea, Obstructive (3) Sleep Wake Disorders (3) Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (3) Taste Disorders (3) Tobacco Use Disorder (3) Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms (3) Ventricular Dysfunction (3) Ventricular Dysfunction, Left (3) Acute Disease (2) Ageusia (2) Agoraphobia (2) Alopecia (2) Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency (2) Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (2) Anemia, Sickle Cell (2) Angina Pectoris (2) Angioedema (2) Angioedemas, Hereditary (2) Anxiety, Separation (2) Arteritis (2) Asymptomatic Infections (2) Atherosclerosis (2) Atrial Fibrillation (2) Bacterial Infections (2) Behcet Syndrome (2) Bipolar Disorder (2) Caliciviridae Infections (2) Clinical Deterioration (2) Cognition Disorders (2) Colorectal Neoplasms (2) Communicable Diseases, Emerging (2) Compassion Fatigue (2) Compulsive Personality Disorder (2) Congenital Abnormalities (2) Conjunctivitis (2) Dermatitis, Atopic (2) Diarrhea (2) Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions (2) Eczema (2) Emphysema (2) Endocrine System Diseases (2) Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic (2) Ganglion Cysts (2) Gastroenteritis (2) Gastroesophageal Reflux (2) Gaucher Disease (2) Glioblastoma (2) Headache (2) Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia (2) Heart Defects, Congenital (2) Heart Failure, Systolic (2) Hematologic Diseases (2) Huntington Disease (2) Hyperglycemia (2) Hyperkinesis (2) Hyperphagia (2) Hypothermia (2) Hypoventilation (2) Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (2) Intervertebral Disc Degeneration (2) Intestinal Diseases (2) Ischemic Attack, Transient (2) Jaundice (2) Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute (2) Lymphoproliferative Disorders (2) Macular Degeneration (2) Mobility Limitation (2) Mood Disorders (2) Motor Neuron Disease (2) Multiple Myeloma (2) Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting (2) Muscular Dystrophies (2) Mutism (2) Mycoses (2) Myelodysplastic Syndromes (2) Myeloproliferative Disorders (2) Myositis (2) Necrosis (2) Neoplasms, Plasma Cell (2) Nerve Degeneration (2) Neurodevelopmental Disorders (2) Nidovirales Infections (2) Noncommunicable Diseases (2) Nutrition Disorders (2) Obesity, Morbid (2) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (2) Oral Manifestations (2) Pain, Postoperative (2) Peripheral Vascular Diseases (2) Phobia, Social (2) Phobic Disorders (2) Pneumonia, Pneumocystis (2) Psoriasis (2) Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic (2) Rare Diseases (2) Recurrence (2) Respiratory Sounds (2) Sarcoidosis (2) Shock, Septic (2) Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (2) Spinal Diseases (2) Sprains and Strains (2) Suicidal Ideation (2) Suicide (2) Tachycardia (2) Thoracic Diseases (2) Thrombocytopenia (2) Toxemia (2) Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders (2) Tuberculosis (2) Urinary Bladder, Overactive (2) Urinary Tract Infections (2) Uterine Cervical Neoplasms (2) Uveitis (2) Vision Disorders (2) Vision, Low (2) Yellow Fever (2) Abruptio Placentae (1) Acalculous Cholecystitis (1) Adenocarcinoma (1) Adjustment Disorders (1) Adrenal Insufficiency (1) Alcohol Drinking in College (1) Alcohol-Related Disorders (1) Alcoholic Intoxication (1) Alveolitis, Extrinsic Allergic (1) Amblyopia (1) Anemia, Aplastic (1) Angina, Stable (1) Anorexia (1) Anorexia Nervosa (1) Aortic Valve Stenosis (1) Apnea (1) Arthritis, Juvenile (1) Aspergillosis (1) Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary (1) Asphyxia Neonatorum (1) Asthenopia (1) Atrioventricular Block (1) Atrophy (1) Autonomic Nervous System Diseases (1) Back Pain (1) Bacteremia (1) Barotrauma (1) Birth Weight (1) Blister (1) Body Weight Changes (1) Bone Diseases, Metabolic (1) Bradycardia (1) Brain Concussion (1) Breast Cancer Lymphedema (1) Bronchial Diseases (1) Bronchiolitis (1) Bronchitis (1) Bronchitis, Chronic (1) Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (1) Brucellosis (1) Bulimia (1) Calculi (1) Carcinoma, Hepatocellular (1) Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial (1) Carcinoma, Small Cell (1) Carcinoma, Squamous Cell (1) Cardiovascular Abnormalities (1) Cataract (1) Celiac Disease (1) Cellulitis (1) Cerebral Hemorrhage (1) Cerebral Palsy (1) Cerebrovascular Disorders (1) Chest Pain (1) Chlamydia Infections (1) Cholangiocarcinoma (1) Cholangitis (1) Cholecystitis (1) Cholecystitis, Acute (1) Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (1) Clostridium Infections (1) (1) Colonic Diseases (1) Communication Disorders (1) Compulsive Behavior (1) Consciousness Disorders (1) Constipation (1) Constriction, Pathologic (1) Conversion Disorder (1) (1) (1) Coronary Artery (1) Coronary Stenosis (1) (1) Cough (1) Coxsackievirus Infections (1) Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (1) Deafness (1) Death, Sudden, Cardiac (1) Dental Calculus (1) Dental Plaque (1) Depressi (1) Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant (1) DiGeorge Syndrome (1) Diabetic Nephropathies (1) Diabetic Neuropathies (1) Diphtheria (1) (1) Down Syndrome (1) Dyspareunia (1) Emergence Delirium (1) Encephalitis (1) Endocarditis (1) Endophthalmitis (1) Endotoxemia (1) Enuresis (1) Epilepsy (1) Esophageal and Gastric Varices (1) Esophagitis, Peptic (1) Eye Diseases (1) Eye Infections (1) Fabry Disease (1) Facial Pain (1) Familial Mediterranean Fever (1) Fatty Liver (1) (1) Femoral Neck Fractures (1) Fetal Growth Retardation (1) Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture (1) Fever of Unknown Origin (1) Fistula (1) Food Hypersensitivity (1) Fractures, Closed (1) Fractures, Stress (1) Gait Disorders, Neurologic (1) Genetic Diseases, Inborn (1) Genetic Predisposition to Disease (1) Gestational Weight Gain (1) Gingivitis, Necrotizing Ulcerative (1) Gout (1) (1) Headache Disorders, Secondary (1) Hearing Loss (1) Hearing Loss, Conductive (1) Heart Failure, Diastolic (1) Heart Murmurs (1) Helminthiasis (1) Hematoma (1) Hematoma, Subdural (1) Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic (1) Hemoglobinopathies (1) Hepatitis (1) Hepatitis A (1) Hepatitis C (1) Hepatitis, Alcoholic (1) Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases (1) Herpes Labialis (1) Herpes Zoster (1) Hodgkin Disease (1) Hyaline Membrane Disease (1) Hyperaldosteronism (1) Hypercapnia (1) Hyperphosphatemia (1) Hyperplasia (1) Hypersensitivity, Immediate (1) Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced (1) Hypokalemia (1) Hyponatremia (1) Hypoparathyroidism (1) Hypotension (1) Iatrogenic Disease (1) Infant, Newborn, Diseases (1) Infec (1) Infecti (1) Infertility, Female (1) Infertility, Male (1) Intellectual Disability (1) Intestinal Atresia (1) Intracranial Hypertension (1) Intracranial Thrombosis (1) Jaundice, Obstructive (1) Joint Diseases (1) Keratoconjunctivitis (1) Keratosis (1) Keratosis, Actinic (1) Leishmaniasis (1) Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell (1) Leukemia, Myeloid (1) Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute (1) Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic (1) Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary (1) Liver Failure (1) Low Back Pain (1) Lung (1) Lyme Disease (1) Lymphedema (1) Lymphocytosis (1) Lymphoma, B-Cell (1) Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell (1) Macrophage Activation Syndrome (1) Malaria (1) Maternal Death (1) Maxillofacial Injuries (1) Memory Disorders (1) Meningitis (1) Meningitis, Meningococcal (1) Menorrhagia (1) Menstruation Disturbances (1) Microvascular Rarefaction (1) Mitochondrial Diseases (1) Molluscum Contagiosum (1) Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (1) Mouth Diseases (1) Mouth, Edentulous (1) Movement Disorders (1) Mucositis (1) Multiple Chronic Conditions (1) Muscle Spasticity (1) Muscular Atrophy (1) Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne (1) Myalgia (1) Myocardial Reperfusion Injury (1) Myofascial Pain Syndromes (1) Needlestick Injuries (1) Neonatal Sepsis (1) Neoplastic Cells, Circulating (1) Nephritis (1) Neurobehavioral Manifestations (1) Neurocognitive Disorders (1) Neuromyelitis Optica (1) Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (1) Obsessive Behavior (1) Olfactory Nerve Injuries (1) Orbital Cellulitis (1) Osteoarthritis, Hip (1) Osteochondritis (1) Osteomyelitis (1) Otitis Media with Effusion (1) Overweig (1) Pain (1) Pain, Procedural (1) Pancreatitis (1) Paraproteinemias (1) Paresis (1) Peanut Hypersensitivity (1) Perinatal Death (1) Periodontal Diseases (1) Peripheral Nervous System Diseases (1) Peritoneal Neoplasms (1) Pharyngeal Diseases (1) Pleuropneumonia (1) (1) (1) Pneumonia, Bacterial (1) Pneumonia, V (1) Pre-Eclampsia (1) Pregnancy in Diabetics (1) Preleukemia (1) Primary Dysautonomias (1) Prostatic Hyperplasia (1) Protein-Energy Malnutrition (1) Psychophysiologic Disorders (1) Puerperal Infection (1) Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (1) Pulmonary Aspergillosis (1) Pulmonary Atelectasis (1) Pulmonary Eosinophilia (1) Radiculopathy (1) Rectal Neoplasms (1) Reperfusion Injury (1) (1) (1) Respiratory Distress Sy (1) Respiratory Hypersensitivity (1) Retinal Vein Occlusion (1) Rupture (1) Sarcoidosis, Pulmonary (1) Sarcopenia (1) Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders (1) (1) Scleroderma, Localized (1) Scleroderma, Systemic (1) Self-Injurious Behavior (1) Severe Acute Respiratory Syn (1) Sexually Transmitted Diseases (1) Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial (1) Shock, Cardiogenic (1) Short Bowel Syndrome (1) Signs and Symptoms, Digestive (1) Skin Abnormalities (1) Skin Diseases (1) Skin Manifestations (1) Skin Neoplasms (1) Skull Fractures (1) Sleep Apnea, Central (1) Soft Tissue Neoplasms (1) Somatoform Disorders (1) Spinal Stenosis (1) Spondylarthritis (1) Spondylolisthesis (1) Status Epilepticus (1) Stillbirth (1) Stomatitis (1) Str (1) Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute (1) Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (1) Superinfection (1) Syncope (1) Syncope, Vasovagal (1) Tachycardia, Sinus (1) Tachycardia, Ventricular (1) Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (1) Temporomandibular Joint Dy (1) Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome (1) Thalassemia (1) Thrombophlebitis (1) Torsades de Pointes (1) Tourette Syndrome (1) Trauma, Nervous System (1) Trichuriasis (1) Tuberculosis, Pulmonary (1) Ulce (1) Urinary Bladder, Underactive (1) Urinary Incontinence (1) Urinary Retention (1) Urologic Diseases (1) Urticaria (1) Uterine Neoplasms (1) Vaginal Neoplasms (1) Ventricular Dysfunction, Right (1) Virus Dis (1) Von Willebrand Diseases (1) Vulvar Neoplasms (1) Weight Gain (1) Xerostomia (1) beta-Thalassemia (1)

D001010: Anxiety, Separation

Developed by Shray Alag, The Harker School
Sections: Correlations, Clinical Trials, and HPO

Correlations computed by analyzing all clinical trials.

Navigate: Clinical Trials and HPO

Correlated Drug Terms (7)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
drug2398 PLACEBO GROUP Wiki 0.71
drug2853 Relaxation Therapy Wiki 0.71
drug388 BCG GROUP Wiki 0.71
Name (Synonyms) Correlation
drug1255 Exposure Therapy Wiki 0.71
drug821 Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Wiki 0.50
drug389 BCG Vaccine Wiki 0.35
drug2505 Placebo Wiki 0.03

Correlated MeSH Terms (9)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
D000072861 Phobia, Social NIH 1.00
D000379 Agoraphobia NIH 1.00
D016584 Panic Disorder NIH 0.82
Name (Synonyms) Correlation
D009771 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder NIH 0.50
D009155 Mutism NIH 0.50
D003193 Compulsive Personality Disorder NIH 0.50
D010698 Phobic Disorders NIH 0.50
D004194 Disease NIH 0.23
D001008 Anxiety Disorders NIH 0.21

Correlated HPO Terms (3)

Name (Synonyms) Correlation
HP:0000756 Agoraphobia HPO 1.00
HP:0002300 Mutism HPO 0.50
HP:0000722 Obsessive-compulsive behavior HPO 0.41

Clinical Trials

Navigate: Correlations   HPO

There are 2 clinical trials

1 Dimensional Brain Behavior Predictors of CBT Outcomes in Pediatric Anxiety

Anxiety is among the most prevalent, costly and disabling illnesses and tends emerge early in childhood. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the first-line treatment for early life anxiety, but as many as 40% of young patients who receive CBT fail to get better. The proposed study will examine brain changes marking positive response to CBT for anxiety and how these changes may differ in children compared adolescents. By helping us to understand how CBT works, this study will pave the way for new treatments to stop anxiety early.

  1. Anxiety Disorders
  2. Social Anxiety Disorder
  3. Social Phobia
  4. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  5. Separation Anxiety Disorder
  6. Specific Phobia
  7. Phobia
  8. Agoraphobia
  9. Panic Disorder
  10. Panic Attack
  11. Anxiety
  1. Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  2. Behavioral: Relaxation Therapy
MeSH:Disease Anxiety Disorders Phobic Disorders Panic Disorder Phobia, Social Agoraphobia Anxiety, Separation

Primary Outcomes

Description: Pre- to post-CBT changes in functional, connectivity and structural MRI measures of brain networks relevant for anxiety. Brain regions include the amygdala, anterior insula, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC). Functional activation and connectivity of these brain regions are assessed using simple computer tasks performed during MRI scanning. Tasks engage threat reactivity, self-regulatory control and the interaction of these processes. Structural connections between regions will be measured using a MRI technique that measures water diffusion in the brain.

Measure: Brain function/structure as assessed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging scans

Time: Baseline and 12-weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Description: The Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale (PARS) is a clinician-administered assessment to rate the severity of anxiety symptoms associated with common DSM-V anxiety disorders (social phobia, separation anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder) in children. The investigators are looking for decreases in anxiety severity ratings from pre- to post-treatment.

Measure: Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale

Time: weeks 0, 3, 6, 9, 12
2 Comparison of Patient-Centered Versus Provider-Centered Delivery of Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (CBT) for Pediatric Anxiety and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

There is strong evidence that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with exposure is the preferred treatment for youth with anxiety disorders, but outpatient services that provide this type of treatment are limited. Even for those who do have access to anxiety-specific treatment, a traditional outpatient model of treatment delivery may not be suitable. Among the numerous logistical barriers to treatment access and response is the inability to generalize treatment tools to settings outside of the office. Patient-centered (home-based or telehealth) treatment models that target symptoms in the context in which they occur could be more effective, efficient, and accessible for families. The present study aims to compare the efficacy, efficiency, and feasibility of patient centered home-based CBT and patient centered telehealth CBT with a traditional office-based model of care. The question proposed, including proposed outcomes, have been generated and developed by a group of hospital, payer, patient and family stakeholders who will also contribute to the iterative process of protocol revision. The investigators anticipate 379 anxious youth to be randomized to receive outpatient treatment using telehealth, home-based services, or treatment as usual using a traditional outpatient model. Results of this study are expected to provide evidence for the efficacy and efficiency of patient-centered treatment, as well as increase treatment access and family engagement in the treatment process.

  1. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  2. Anxiety Disorders
  3. Pediatric Disorde
  4. Pediatric Disorder
  5. Anxiety
  6. OCD
  7. Phobia
  8. Agoraphobia
  9. Generalized Anxiety
  10. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  11. Selective Mutism
  12. Separation Anxiety
  13. Social Anxiety
  14. Social Anxiety Disorder
  15. Panic Disorder
  1. Behavioral: Exposure Therapy
MeSH:Mutism Disease Anxiety Disorders Compulsive Personality Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Panic Disorder Phobia, Social Agoraphobia Anxiety, Separation
HPO:Agoraphobia Mutism Obsessive-compulsive behavior

Primary Outcomes

Description: The CY-BOCS is a measure of obsessive compulsive symptoms and severity. The Obsession Rating Scale measures 5 domains of obsessional severity on a scale from 0 (no impairment) to 4 (extreme impairment.) The Compulsion Rating Scale measures 5 domains of compulsion severity on a scale from 0 (no impairment) to 5 (extreme impairment.) The total range of OCD severity is reported on a scale from 0-40, with a higher score indicating greater severity.

Measure: Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The PARS is a measure of anxiety symptoms and severity. The Anxiety Severity Items are 7 questions meant to assess the frequency of anxiety symptoms and associated impairment. Items are measured on a scale from 0 (none) to 5 (extreme).The total range of anxiety severity is reported on a scale from 0-35, with a higher score indicating greater severity.

Measure: Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Secondary Outcomes

Description: The CSQ-8 measures consumer satisfaction with mental health services; satisfaction is measured using 8 items on a scale from 1 (Poor) to 4 (Excellent). Total satisfaction ranges from 8-32, with a high score indicating greater satisfaction.

Measure: Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The CGI is a clinician-rated measures of global severity and improvement. The Severity of illness scale reports the severity of current symptoms on a scale from 1 (not at all ill) to 7 (among the most extremely ill patients.) The Global Improvement Scale tracks improvement since treatment initiation on a scale from 1 (very much improved) to 7 (very much worse). The highest possible score on either scale is 7, indicating extreme severity or worse treatment outcome.

Measure: Clinical Global Impression Scales

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The CSDS measures the extent to which anxiety symptoms interfere with functioning. The Disability Scale measures the degree to which anxiety impacts school, social, and home life on a scale from 0 (Not at all) to 10 (very, very much.) Total anxiety-related impairment ranges from 0-30, with higher scores indicating greater impairment.

Measure: Child Sheehan Disability Scale

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The measure tracks both the quality and quantity of homework completed between treatment sessions. This form has been used previously by our research group in large-scale treatment trials, and has been helpful in determining barriers to homework completion.

Measure: Homework Compliance Form

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: The Exposure Guide is a exposure therapy fidelity/quality tool completed by study therapists. This tool collects information regarding the use of specific therapeutic tools during exposures.

Measure: Exposure Guide

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: The TASCP is a 12-item measure of therapeutic alliance between a caregiver and his/her child's therapist. This measure assesses the bond and collaboration between caregiver and therapist. Each item is rated using a scale from 0: "not true" to 4: "very much true."

Measure: Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Caregivers and Parents (TASCP)

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: 75 The TASC-r is a 12-item measure of therapeutic alliance between a child and his/her therapist. This measure assesses the degree of affective bond between child and therapist, as well as amount of therapeutic task collaboration. Each item is rated using a scale from 0: "not true" to 4: "very much true."

Measure: Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Children-Revised (TASC-r)

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: The PQ-LES-Q is a 13-item measure of child functioning in life that uses a 5-point ratings scale, with higher scores indicating better quality of life. This measure has both parent and child versions, assessing the same items from both child and parent perspectives. The measure assesses quality of the child's life in a variety of domains.

Measure: Pediatric Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (PQ-LES-Q)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The TPA is designed to independently solicit from youth and parent the top 3 problems they feel are most important to address in treatment. This is an idiographic measure of impairment that is driven by the individual needs and desires of the consumer. Respondents rate how much each problem bothers them from 0 ("not at all") to 10 (very, very much).

Measure: Top Problems Assessment (TPA)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The CSQ assesses parent perceptions of the extent to which caring for a child with emotional problems affects several domains, including family life and relationships, demands on time, financial strain, disruption of social life, worry, guilt, and fatigue. This is a 21-item self-report measure that calls for parents to rate the extent of strain for each item using a 0 ("not at all") to 4 ("very much") scale.

Measure: Caregiver Strain Questionnaire (CSQ)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The BTQ-P is a 28-item measure adapted from the BTQ to assess parent perceptions of barriers to accessing treatment for their child's anxiety. The measure is completed at the outset of treatment and assesses such domains as logistic and financial barriers, stigma, and aspects of treatment. Items are rated on a 0 ("not at all true") to 2 ("mostly true") scale.

Measure: Barriers to Treatment Questionnaire - Parent Version (BTQ-P)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The PAS-PR is a 5-item questionnaire assessing the frequency and interference associated with accommodating the child's anxiety. Each item is followed by a series of common examples to illustrate the principle of accommodation for parents. Responses for frequency include 0 (never), 1 (rarely), 2 (occasionally), 3 (often), and 4 (always). Response options for interference due to accommodation include 0 (none), 1 (mild), 2 (moderate), 3 (severe), and 4 (extreme).

Measure: Pediatric Accommodation Scale-Parent Report (PAS-PR)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: We will record reactions from caregivers and child to treatment assignment using this clinician-rated measure. It includes capturing both verbatim responses from caregivers and child, as well as asking for interviewer impressions reactions from caregivers and child to treatment group assignment following randomization. The clinician also records the likelihood that the family will remain in the study and adhere to study protocols.

Measure: Randomization Debrief

Time: Administered at baseline

Description: This measure is a 3-item self-report questionnaire that captures parental beliefs about the efficacy about each treatment condition (office-based or home/community-based) using a scale from 1:"I expect my child will be very much improved," to 7: "I expect my child will be very much worse." The parent is also asked to select which treatment option would be best for their family. There is also a patient version of this measure used to capture patient beliefs about the efficacy about each treatment condition (office-based or home/community-based) using the same scale. The patient is asked to select which treatment option they believe would be best for them and their family. The patient version of this measure will be completed by youth 12+.

Measure: Treatment Expectancy

Time: Administered at baseline

Description: The SRS-2 is a 65-item self-report measure administered to caregivers or teachers to assess their perception of the presence of a child's social impairment. This measure is used to evaluate children aged 4-18 years old. Items are rated on a scale from 1 ("not true") to 4 ("almost always true").

Measure: The Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition (SRS-2)

Time: Administered at baseline and at discharge (up to 6-months)

Description: The ARI-P is a 7-item parent report questionnaire assessing child's irritability. The items are each given a rating of: "not true," "somewhat true" or "certainly true".

Measure: Affective Reactivity Index - Parent Version (ARI-P)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The ARI-S is a 7-item self-report report questionnaire assessing irritability. The items are each given a rating of: "not true," "somewhat true" or "certainly true".

Measure: Affective Reactivity Index - Self Report (ARI-S)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The Distress Intolerance Index is a 10-item self-report report questionnaire assessing the inability to tolerate negative somatic and emotional states. Items are rated on a 5-point scale from "very little" (0) to "very much".

Measure: Distress Intolerance Index

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The PAS is a 12-item questionnaire assessing the frequency of and beliefs about parental accommodation. The frequency of parental accommodation is measured on a scale from "Never/Almost Never" (0), to "Always/Almost Always" (3). The beliefs about parental accommodation are measured on a scale from "Strongly Disagree" (0), to "Strongly Agree" (3).

Measure: Parent Accommodation Scale (PAS)

Time: In-treatment and follow-up (6-12 months)

Description: The feedback form is a 3-item self-report questionnaire that asks caregivers or child which treatment group their family was in and for open-ended feedback about their experience in the study (i.e. what did they really like, what would they change, general suggestions/ comments). All responses on this survey are received anonymously. Caregivers and children complete separate feedback forms. Children 8+ will complete the child version of this measure.

Measure: Feedback Forms - Caregiver and Child Versions

Time: Administered only at discharge, up to 6-months into study

Description: This form captures whether the patient ended treatment before or at 6 months, as well as the reasons for discontinuation (e.g., scheduling, transportation, financial, treatment fit, symptoms) that apply. This form also gathers information about whether referrals were provided to the family upon study discharge.

Measure: End of Treatment Form

Time: Administered only at discharge, up to 6-months into study

Description: This 7-item measure asks for participants' caregivers to discuss to whom they would like the findings of the study to be disseminated (i.e., local policy makers, educators, etc.). Additionally, it asks for information on how they would like findings to be shared (i.e., via social media, presentations, etc.) as well as caregivers to share highlights of their experience in the study.

Measure: Sharing Study Findings

Time: Administered only at discharge, up to 6-months into study

Description: We will record the rate of session reschedules, cancellations and no-shows, along with the overall number of sessions attended. We will also document the reason why a scheduled appointment does not occur using the Treatment Cancellation Form.

Measure: Treatment Attendance

Time: Up to 6 months

Description: This is a case record form that documents any change in patient status (e.g., drop-out and premature termination) and the reasons for such changes.

Measure: Reasons for Treatment Discontinuation form

Time: Administered only at discharge, up to 6-months into study

HPO Nodes


Alphabetical listing of all HPO terms. Navigate: Correlations   Clinical Trials

HPO Nodes


Data processed on September 26, 2020.

An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.

Drug Reports   MeSH Reports   HPO Reports  


4,180 reports on interventions/drugs


691 reports on MeSH terms


263 reports on HPO terms

All Terms

Alphabetical index of all Terms

Google Colab

Python example via Google Colab Notebook