|D001835||Body Weight NIH||0.50|
|D001068||Feeding and Eating Disorders NIH||0.38|
There is one clinical trial.
Athletes in martial arts compete in categories separated by body weight, hence, many athletes need to adjust their habitual body weight during periods with competition preparation. Athletes competing in weight sensitive sports are previously identified with an increased risk for symptoms of low energy availability and of disordered eating. The methods used for body weight regulation are varied, and athletes without professional competent support, are prone to rely on harmful methods. And of importance, female athletes respond more negatively to attempts of body weight reduction with regards to health effects. Athletes of martial art are not surrounded by the same professional competence seen in other organized sports within the international sport federations, and specifically health competence is lacking. Additionally, numbers of females competing in martial art have increased the last decade, but they still practice in a sport culture dominated by males; both with reference to the high number of male participants, and with reference to the coaches within this sport. Sports involving practice in intimate, physical interaction with coaches or opposing athletes, and in sports where clothing is minimal, may be a high risk of experiences of sexual harassment. There have been a few reports on harmful methods of body weight regulation within martial arts, however, little knowledge exists on the practice by female martial art athletes, and the related health effects. Information on experiences of sexual harassment have been sparse in sport generally, with very little knowledge from sports like martial arts specifically. This study aims to explore the practice of female martial art athletes on body weight regulation, recovery strategies, their body acceptance and symptoms of eating disorders, and any experiences of sexual harassment. Additionally, with regards to the recent onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, this study also explores the related experiences by the athletes on training- and eating routines.
Description: Evaluating intensity in symptoms of low energy availability, with one general score, one subscale measuring symptoms of menstrual irregularities, and one subscale measuring symptoms of gastrointestinal dysfunction; the three scales having cut-off scores of ≥8 , ≥4 and ≥2, with higher scorings indicating higher clinical severity.Measure: Low energy availability for females questionnaire (LEAF-Q) Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Measuring symptoms of eating disorders and frequency of eating disordered behavior, resulting in one total score, and four subscales (figure concern, weight concern, eating concern and eating restriction). A total score of ≥2.5 indicates high probability of having an eating disorder. Additionally, the scales measures frequency of disordered eating behavior, for which ≥1 episode per week of binge-eating and/or ≥1 episode per week of purging behavior, over a total period of ≥3 months, qualifies for an diagnosis of eating disorder.Measure: Eating disorder examination questionnaire (EDE-q) Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Reports on methods complied with, to achieve body weight reduction (Predefined answers, including an "other" option)Measure: Body Weight regulation strategies, selfreported Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Evaluates the level of body appreciation and acceptance. Questionnaire contains 10-items with a Likert scale ranging from 1 (Never) to 5 (Always), with a higher average score indicating a higher level of body appreciation.Measure: Body appreciation scale (BAS-2) Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Information on exercise frequency (number of sessions per week)Measure: Exercise frequency, selfreported according to a designed questionnaire Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Information on duration of sessions (minutes per session)Measure: Exercise duration, selfreported according to a designed questionnaire Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Information on motivation for material arts (reason for choosing the sport, and what level of performance one aims for)Measure: Exercise motivation, selfreported according to a designed questionnaire Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Information on the different physical activities performed (reports number of different sport activities undertaken during a typical week)Measure: Exercise program variation, selfreported according to a designed questionnaire Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Level of physical activity (counts/minute) objectively measured for seven consecutive days using the ActiGraph accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3x and GT3x+, Actigraph, LCC, Pensacola, Florida, USA)Measure: Physical activity level, objectively measured Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Four day diet registration by pictures and detailed notes, for analyses of energyintake.Measure: Four day weighed diet registration; energyintake Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Four day diet registration by pictures and detailed notes, for nutrient analyses. The outcomes will specifically be analysed for total intake of protein, carbohydrate, and fat (gram per kg bodyweight)Measure: Four day weighed diet registration; nutrient intake Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Four day diet registration by pictures and detailed notes, for nutrient analyses. The outcomes will be analysed for total intake of micronutrients specifically found to be in risk of insufficient intake among young norwegian females (calcium, vit-D, folic acid, iodine) and considering their specific needs due to high levels of physically activity (iron and vitamin C) (all given by mg nutrient consumed)Measure: Four day weighed diet registration; nutrient intake Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Questions on experiences of sexual harassment, current experience of such, and frequency of such episodes.Measure: Experiences of sexual harassment Time: Autumn 2020
Description: Questions on whether covid-19 changed their normal exercise and diet routines (yes/no), if this related to increased or decreased training volume or change in activity preferences. Additionally, whether the pandemic period has changed their energy intake (increased/decreased).Measure: Effects from Covid-19 pandemic on exercise- and eating routines, designed questionnaire Time: Autumn 2020
Data processed on September 26, 2020.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports