|D045169||Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome NIH||0.04|
|D018352||Coronavirus Infections NIH||0.04|
There is one clinical trial.
The process by which neutrophils expel DNA together with various proteins to the outside, forming a network structure called Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) constitutes a particular cell death that involves the destruction of the nuclear membrane before the plasmatic one. This process is called NETosis and differs from other known forms of cell death, such as necrosis and apoptosis. This process, however, if exaggerated, brings local or systemic damage. Viruses are known for their ability to evade the body's immune response. Only recently has it been seen that they can act as triggers for NETosis process. In fact, many viruses can stimulate neutrophils to produce NETs. Virus-induced NETs can begin to circulate in an uncontrolled manner, leading to an extreme systemic response of the body with the production of immunocomplexes, cytokines, Interferon I etc. To date, there are no data in the literature on the role of NETs in Covid-19 infection, a viral infection that leads to highly lethal interstitial pneumonia and for which there is currently no vaccine or specific therapy. Advanced forms of Covid-19 are often characterized by hyperinflammation ("cytokine storm") with the development of an ARDS-like condition. Furthermore, reports of micro and macro thrombotic phenomena such as microangiopathy, pulmonary embolism (which has led to a careful evaluation procedure for antithrombotic prophylaxis and/or coagulation in Covid-19 patients) are increasingly frequent. The primary objective of the study is to understand if NETs can be implicated in the response to Covid-19 and by which mechanisms. Concrete therapeutic proposals could derive from the knowledge and enhancement of this form of innate immunity. To do this, it will be necessary to evaluate the activity of NETosis in Covid-19 patients and evaluate whether the clinical course of the disease (worsening vs healing) determines the degree of NETosis activity. Therefore, the association between mortality from Covid-19/survival and NETs activity will be studied. Secondary objectives concern the possibility of studying the associations among NETosis markers and blood inflammation markers and among NETosis markers and the onset of peripheral or deep vein thrombosis. Finally, the possibility that the plasma deriving from Covid-19 patients could trigger the NETosis process in vitro will be evaluated.
Description: correlation among plasma levels of NETosis markers and Covid-19 mortalityMeasure: NETOSIS AND MORTALITY Time: 1 year
Description: correlation among plasma levels of NETosis markers and disease severity (that is duration of hospitalization in days and any need for passage to intensive care with non-invasive ventilation or intubation);Measure: NETOSIS AND DCOVID-19 SEVERITY Time: 1 year
Description: correlation among plasma levels of NETosis markers and clinical inflammation biomarkers (white blood cells, PCR IL-6-IL-1β)Measure: NETOSIS AND INFLAMMATION Time: 1 year
Description: correlation among plasma levels of NETosis markers and the onset of deep vein thrombosis and / or the increase in D-dimer values.Measure: NETOSIS AND VENOUS THROMBOSIS Time: 1 year
Data processed on September 26, 2020.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports