|D012127||Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn NIH||0.08|
|D055371||Acute Lung Injury NIH||0.08|
There is one clinical trial.
Rationale: The current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has a high burden of morbidity and mortality due to development of the so-called acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) plays an important role in the development of ARDS. ACE2 is one of the enzymes involved in the RAS cascade. Virus spike protein binds to ACE2 to form a complex suitable for cellular internalization. The downregulation of ACE2 results in the excessive accumulation of angiotensin II, and it has been demonstrated that the stimulation of the angiotensin II type 1a receptor (AT1R) increases pulmonary vascular permeability, explaining the increased lung pathology when activity of ACE2 is decreased. Currently available AT1R blockers (ARBs) such as valsartan, have the potential to block this pathological process mediated by angiotensin II. There are presently two complementary mechanisms suggested: 1) ARBs block the excessive angiotensin-mediated AT1R activation, and 2) they upregulate ACE2, which reduces angiotensin II concentrations and increases the production of the protective vasodilator angiotensin 1-7. In light of the above, ARBs may prevent the development of ARDS and avert morbidity (admission to intensive care unit (ICU) and mechanical ventilation) and mortality. Objective: To investigate the effect of the ARB valsartan in comparison to placebo on the occurrence of one of the following items, within 14 days of randomization:1) ICU admission; 2) Mechanical ventilation; 3) Death. Study design: A double-blind, placebo-controlled 1:1 randomized clinical trial Study population: Adult hospitalized SARS-CoV-2-infected patients (n=651). Intervention: The active-treatment arm will receive valsartan in a dosage titrated to blood pressure up to a maximum of 160mg b.i.d. and the placebo arm will receive a matching placebo also titrated to blood pressure. Treatment duration will be 14 days or up to hospital discharge < 14 days or occurrence of the primary endpoint if < 14 days. Main study endpoint: The primary study endpoint is the occurrence within 14 days of randomization of either: 1) ICU admission; 2) Mechanical ventilation; 3) Death.
Description: Death is defined as all-cause mortalityMeasure: first occurrence of intensive care unit admission, mechanical ventilation or death Time: within 14 days
Description: All-cause mortality; and time to all-cause mortalityMeasure: Death Time: Within 14 days, 30 days, 90 days and at 1 year
Description: Occurrence of mechanical ventilation and time to ventilationMeasure: Mechanical ventilation Time: within 14 days
Description: Occurrence of ICU admission and time to admissionMeasure: Intensive care unit admission Time: within 14 days
Description: Defined as a 50% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate relative to baseline, or decrease of >30 ml/min/1.73m2 and to a value below 60 ml/min/1.73m2Measure: Occurrence of acute kidney injury Time: Within 14 days
Data processed on September 26, 2020.
An HTML report was created for each of the unique drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms associated with COVID-19 clinical trials. Each report contains a list of either the drug, the MeSH terms, or the HPO terms. All of the terms in a category are displayed on the left-hand side of the report to enable easy navigation, and the reports contain a list of correlated drugs, MeSH, and HPO terms. Further, all reports contain the details of the clinical trials in which the term is referenced. Every clinical trial report shows the mapped HPO and MeSH terms, which are also hyperlinked. Related HPO terms, with their associated genes, protein mutations, and SNPs are also referenced in the report.Drug Reports MeSH Reports HPO Reports